Bell, K., D. Huppert and R.L. Johnson. 2003. Willingness to pay for local coho salmon enhancement in coastal communities. Marine Resource Economics 18:15-31.

OR

Coos Bay Estuary

Contingent Valuation Method

$68.74

Per Household Per Year

Bell, K., D. Huppert and R.L. Johnson. 2003. Willingness to pay for local coho salmon enhancement in coastal communities. Marine Resource Economics 18:15-31.

OR

Yaquina Bay Estuary

Contingent Valuation Method

$104.13

Per Household Per Year

Bell, K., D. Huppert and R.L. Johnson. 2003. Willingness to pay for local coho salmon enhancement in coastal communities. Marine Resource Economics 18:15-31.

OR

Tillamook Bay Estuary

Contingent Valuation Method

$33.65

Per Household Per Year

Bell, K., D. Huppert and R.L. Johnson. 2003. Willingness to pay for local coho salmon enhancement in coastal communities. Marine Resource Economics 18:15-31.

OR

Yaquina Bay Estuary

Contingent Valuation Method

$158.84

Per Household Per Year

Bell, K., D. Huppert and R.L. Johnson. 2003. Willingness to pay for local coho salmon enhancement in coastal communities. Marine Resource Economics 18:15-31.

OR

Tillamook Bay Estuary

Contingent Valuation Method

$109.05

Per Household Per Year

Bell, K., D. Huppert and R.L. Johnson. 2003. Willingness to pay for local coho salmon enhancement in coastal communities. Marine Resource Economics 18:15-31.

WA

Grays Harbor Estuary

Contingent Valuation Method

$164.34

Per Household Per Year

Bell, K., D. Huppert and R.L. Johnson. 2003. Willingness to pay for local coho salmon enhancement in coastal communities. Marine Resource Economics 18:15-31.

WA

Willapa Bay Estuary

Contingent Valuation Method

$167.46

Per Household Per Year

Bell, K., D. Huppert and R.L. Johnson. 2003. Willingness to pay for local coho salmon enhancement in coastal communities. Marine Resource Economics 18:15-31.

WA

Grays Harbor Estuary

Contingent Valuation Method

$108.52

Per Household Per Year

Bell, K., D. Huppert and R.L. Johnson. 2003. Willingness to pay for local coho salmon enhancement in coastal communities. Marine Resource Economics 18:15-31.

WA

Willapa Bay Estuary

Contingent Valuation Method

$107.44

Per Household Per Year

Bell, K., D. Huppert and R.L. Johnson. 2003. Willingness to pay for local coho salmon enhancement in coastal communities. Marine Resource Economics 18:15-31.

OR

Coos Bay Estuary

Contingent Valuation Method

$56.54

Per Household Per Year

Berrens, R.P., P. Ganderton and C.L. Silva. 1996. Valuing the protection of minimum instream flows in New Mexico. Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 21(2):294-309.

NM

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$44.63

Per Household Per Year

Bowker, J.M. and J.R. Stoll. 1988. Use of dichotomous choice nonmarket methods to value the whooping crane resource. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 70(2):372-381.

TX

Aransas National Wildlife Refuge

Contingent Valuation Method

$80.81

Per Visitor Per Year

Bowker, J.M. and J.R. Stoll. 1988. Use of dichotomous choice nonmarket methods to value the whooping crane resource. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 70(2):372-381.

TX and USA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$51.10

Per Household Per Year

Boyle, K.J. and R.C. Bishop. 1987. Valuing wildlife in benefit-cost analysis: a case study involving endangered species. Water Resources Research 23(5):943-950.

WI

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$9.48

Per Household Per Year

Boyle, K.J. and R.C. Bishop. 1987. Valuing wildlife in benefit-cost analysis: a case study involving endangered species. Water Resources Research 23(5):943-950.

WI

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$26.98

Per Household Per Year

Chambers, C.M. and J.C. Whitehead. 2003. A contingent valuation estimate of the benefits of wolves in Minnesota. Environmental and Resource Economics 26:249-267.

Ely and St. Cloud, MN

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$26.49

Per Household

Cummings, R.G., P.T. Ganderton and T. McGuckin. 1994. Substitution effects in CVM values. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 76:205-214.

Albuquerque, NM

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$14.33

Per Household Per Year

Duffield, J. 1991. Existence and non-consumptive values for wildlife: application to wolf recovery in Yellowstone National Park. In C.L. Kling (Ed.), Benefits and Costs in Natural Resources Planning, Davis: Department of Agricultural Economics, University of California.

Yellowstone National Park

Yellowstone National Park

Contingent Valuation Method

$110.29

Per Visitor

Duffield, J. 1992. An economic analysis of wolf recovery in Yellowstone: Park visitor attitudes and values. In: J. Varley and W. Brewster (Eds.), Wolves for Yellowstone? National Park Service, Yellowstone National Park.

Yellowstone National Park

Yellowstone National Park

Contingent Valuation Method

$190.35

Per Visitor

Duffield, J. and D. Patterson. 1992. Field testing existence values: comparison of hypothetical and cash transaction values. Benefits and Costs in Natural Resource Planning, 5th Report. W-133 Western Regional Research Publication. B.Rettig, Compiler, Dept. of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR.

USA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$23.30

Per Angler

Duffield, J., D. Patterson and C. Neher. 1993. Wolves and people in Yellowstone: a case study in the new resource economics. Report to Liz Claiborne and Art Ortenberg Foundation. Department of Economics, University of Montana, Missoula, MT.

ID, MT, WY

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$43.95

Per Household

Duffield, J.W. and D.A. Patterson. 1992. Field testing existence values: comparison of hypothetical and cash transaction values. Benefits and Costs in Natural Resource Planning, 5th Report. W-133 Western Regional Research Publication. B.Rettig, Compiler, Dept. of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR.

USA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$31.08

Per Angler

Giraud, K., B. Turcin, J. Loomis and J. Cooper. 2002. Economic benefit of the protection program for the Steller sea lion. Marine Policy 26:451-458.

USA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$84.04

Per Household Per Year

Giraud, K.L., J.B. Loomis and R.L. Johnson. 1999. Internal and external scope in willingness-to-pay estimates for threatened and endangered wildlife. Journal or Environmental Management 56:221-229.

USA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$81.63

Per Household Per Year

Hageman, R. 1985. Valuing marine mammal populations: benefit valuations in a multi-species ecosystem. Administrative Report LJ-85-22. National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Fisheries Center, La Jolla, CA.

CA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$41.67

Per Household Per Year

Hageman, R. 1985. Valuing marine mammal populations: benefit valuations in a multi-species ecosystem. Administrative Report LJ-85-22. National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Fisheries Center, La Jolla, CA.

CA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$54.57

Per Household Per Year

Hageman, R. 1985. Valuing marine mammal populations: benefit valuations in a multi-species ecosystem. Administrative Report LJ-85-22. National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Fisheries Center, La Jolla, CA.

CA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$40.40

Per Household Per Year

Hageman, R. 1985. Valuing marine mammal populations: benefit valuations in a multi-species ecosystem. Administrative Report LJ-85-22. National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Fisheries Center, La Jolla, CA.

CA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$47.28

Per Household Per Year

Hagen, D.A., J.W. Vincent and P.G. Welle. 1992. Benefits of preserving old-growth forests and the spotted owl. Contemporary Economic Policy 10(2):13-26.

USA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$156.35

Per Household Per Year

King, D., D. Flynn and W. Shaw. 1988. Total and existence values of a herd of desert bighorn sheep. In: Benefits and Costs in Natural Resource Planning, Interim Report. Western Regional Research Publication W-133, University of California, Davis, CA.

AZ

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$19.95

Per Household Per Year

Kotchen, M.J. and S.D. Reiling. 2000. Environmental attitudes, motivations, and contingent valuation of nonuse values: a case study involving endangered species. Ecological Economics 32:93-107.

ME

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$38.04

Per Household

Kotchen, M.J. and S.D. Reiling. 2000. Environmental attitudes, motivations, and contingent valuation of nonuse values: a case study involving endangered species. Ecological Economics 32:93-107.

ME

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$39.28

Per Household

Layton, D.F., G.M. Brown, Jr. and M.L. Plummer. 2001. Valuing multiple programs to improve fish populations. Washington State Department of Ecology.

WA

---

Choice Experiment

$363.03

Per Household Per Year

Layton, D.F., G.M. Brown, Jr. and M.L. Plummer. 2001. Valuing multiple programs to improve fish populations. Washington State Department of Ecology.

WA

---

Choice Experiment

$248.70

Per Household Per Year

Layton, D.F., G.M. Brown, Jr. and M.L. Plummer. 2001. Valuing multiple programs to improve fish populations. Washington State Department of Ecology.

WA

---

Choice Experiment

$172.89

Per Household Per Year

Layton, D.F., G.M. Brown, Jr. and M.L. Plummer. 2001. Valuing multiple programs to improve fish populations. Washington State Department of Ecology.

WA

---

Choice Experiment

$270.49

Per Household Per Year

Layton, D.F., G.M. Brown, Jr. and M.L. Plummer. 2001. Valuing multiple programs to improve fish populations. Washington State Department of Ecology.

WA

---

Choice Experiment

$367.22

Per Household Per Year

Lew, D.K., D.F. Layton and R.D. Rowe. 2010. Valuing enhancements to endangered species protection under alternative baseline futures: the case of the Steller sea lion. Marine Resource Economics 25(2):133-154.

USA

---

Choice Experiment

$95.68

Per Household Per Year

Lew, D.K., D.F. Layton and R.D. Rowe. 2010. Valuing enhancements to endangered species protection under alternative baseline futures: the case of the Steller sea lion. Marine Resource Economics 25(2):133-154.

USA

---

Choice Experiment

$127.34

Per Household Per Year

Lew, D.K., D.F. Layton and R.D. Rowe. 2010. Valuing enhancements to endangered species protection under alternative baseline futures: the case of the Steller sea lion. Marine Resource Economics 25(2):133-154.

USA

---

Choice Experiment

$70.98

Per Household Per Year

Lew, D.K., D.F. Layton and R.D. Rowe. 2010. Valuing enhancements to endangered species protection under alternative baseline futures: the case of the Steller sea lion. Marine Resource Economics 25(2):133-154.

USA

---

Choice Experiment

$39.89

Per Household Per Year

Lew, D.K., D.F. Layton and R.D. Rowe. 2010. Valuing enhancements to endangered species protection under alternative baseline futures: the case of the Steller sea lion. Marine Resource Economics 25(2):133-154.

USA

---

Choice Experiment

$233.19

Per Household Per Year

Lew, D.K., D.F. Layton and R.D. Rowe. 2010. Valuing enhancements to endangered species protection under alternative baseline futures: the case of the Steller sea lion. Marine Resource Economics 25(2):133-154.

USA

---

Choice Experiment

$177.16

Per Household Per Year

Lew, D.K., D.F. Layton and R.D. Rowe. 2010. Valuing enhancements to endangered species protection under alternative baseline futures: the case of the Steller sea lion. Marine Resource Economics 25(2):133-154.

USA

---

Choice Experiment

$194.67

Per Household Per Year

Lew, D.K., D.F. Layton and R.D. Rowe. 2010. Valuing enhancements to endangered species protection under alternative baseline futures: the case of the Steller sea lion. Marine Resource Economics 25(2):133-154.

USA

---

Choice Experiment

$140.46

Per Household Per Year

Lew, D.K., D.F. Layton and R.D. Rowe. 2010. Valuing enhancements to endangered species protection under alternative baseline futures: the case of the Steller sea lion. Marine Resource Economics 25(2):133-154.

USA

---

Choice Experiment

$95.67

Per Household Per Year

Lew, D.K., D.F. Layton and R.D. Rowe. 2010. Valuing enhancements to endangered species protection under alternative baseline futures: the case of the Steller sea lion. Marine Resource Economics 25(2):133-154.

USA

---

Choice Experiment

$40.89

Per Household Per Year

Lew, D.K., D.F. Layton and R.D. Rowe. 2010. Valuing enhancements to endangered species protection under alternative baseline futures: the case of the Steller sea lion. Marine Resource Economics 25(2):133-154.

USA

---

Choice Experiment

$54.29

Per Household Per Year

Loomis, J. and E. Ekstrand. 1997. Economic benefits of critical habitat for the Mexican spotted owl: a scope test using a multiple-bounded contingent valuation survey. Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 22(2):356-366.

USA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$61.09

Per Household Per Year

Loomis, J.B. 1996. Measuring the economic benefits of removing dams and restoring the Elwha River: results of a contingent valuation survey. Water Resources Research 32(2):441-447.

Clallam County, WA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$94.25

Per Household Per Year

Loomis, J.B. 1996. Measuring the economic benefits of removing dams and restoring the Elwha River: results of a contingent valuation survey. Water Resources Research 32(2):441-447.

USA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$108.62

Per Household Per Year

Loomis, J.B. 1996. Measuring the economic benefits of removing dams and restoring the Elwha River: results of a contingent valuation survey. Water Resources Research 32(2):441-447.

WA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$116.61

Per Household Per Year

Loomis, J.B. and D.M. Larson. 1994. Total economic values of increasing gray whale populations: results from a contingent valuation survey of visitors and households. Marine Resource Economics 9:275-286.

CA Coast

Point Loma National Seashore, Monterey, Half Moon Bay, Point Reyes National Seashore

Contingent Valuation Method

$43.45

Per Visitor Per Year

Loomis, J.B. and D.M. Larson. 1994. Total economic values of increasing gray whale populations: results from a contingent valuation survey of visitors and households. Marine Resource Economics 9:275-286.

CA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$28.12

Per Household Per Year

Loomis, J.B. and D.M. Larson. 1994. Total economic values of increasing gray whale populations: results from a contingent valuation survey of visitors and households. Marine Resource Economics 9:275-286.

CA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$31.53

Per Household Per Year

Loomis, J.B. and D.M. Larson. 1994. Total economic values of increasing gray whale populations: results from a contingent valuation survey of visitors and households. Marine Resource Economics 9:275-286.

CA Coast

Point Loma National Seashore, Monterey, Half Moon Bay, Point Reyes National Seashore

Contingent Valuation Method

$51.68

Per Visitor Per Year

Olsen, D., J. Richards and R.D. Scott. 1991. Existence and sport values for doubling the size of Columbia river basin salmon and steelhead runs. Rivers 2(1):44-56.

Pacific Northwest

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$142.56

Per Angler Per Year

Olsen, D., J. Richards and R.D. Scott. 1991. Existence and sport values for doubling the size of Columbia river basin salmon and steelhead runs. Rivers 2(1):44-56.

Pacific Northwest

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$50.46

Per Household Per Year

Olsen, D., J. Richards and R.D. Scott. 1991. Existence and sport values for doubling the size of Columbia river basin salmon and steelhead runs. Rivers 2(1):44-56.

Pacific Northwest

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$112.57

Per Household Per Year

Reaves, D.W., R.A. Kramer and T.P. Holmes. 1999. Does question format matter? Valuing an endangered species. Environmental and Resource Economics 14:365-383.

SC and USA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$22.36

Per Household Per Year

Reaves, D.W., R.A. Kramer and T.P. Holmes. 1999. Does question format matter? Valuing an endangered species. Environmental and Resource Economics 14:365-383.

SC and USA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$17.35

Per Household Per Year

Reaves, D.W., R.A. Kramer and T.P. Holmes. 1999. Does question format matter? Valuing an endangered species. Environmental and Resource Economics 14:365-383.

SC and USA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$14.09

Per Household Per Year

Rubin, J., G. Helfand and J. Loomis. 1991. A benefit-cost analysis of the northern spotted owl. Journal of Forestry.

WA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$72.60

Per Household Per Year

Samples, K.C. and J.R. Hollyer. 1989. Contingent valuation of wildlife resources in the presence of substitutes and complements. In: Johnson, R.L. and G.V. Johnson (Eds.), Economic Valuation of Natural Resources: Issues, Theory and Applications. Westview Press, Boulder, CO.

Oahu, HI

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$196.56

Per Person

Samples, K.C. and J.R. Hollyer. 1989. Contingent valuation of wildlife resources in the presence of substitutes and complements. In: Johnson, R.L. and G.V. Johnson (Eds.), Economic Valuation of Natural Resources: Issues, Theory and Applications. Westview Press, Boulder, CO.

Oahu, HI

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$285.12

Per Person

Solomon, B.D., C.M. Corey-Luse and K.E. Halvorsen. 2004. The Florida manatee and eco-tourism: toward a safe minimum standard. Ecological Economics 50:101-115.

Citrus County, FL

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$13.70

Per Household Per Year

Stanley, D.L. 2005. Local perception of public goods: recent assessments of willingness-to-pay for endangered species. Contemporary Economic Policy 23(2):165-179.

Orange County, CA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$33.22

Per Household Per Year

Stevens, T.H., J. Echeverria, R.J. Glass, T. Hager and T.A. More. 1991. Measuring the existence value of wildlife: what do CVM estimates really show? Land Economics 67(4):390-400.

New England

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$53.93

Per Household Per Year

Stevens, T.H., J. Echeverria, R.J. Glass, T. Hager and T.A. More. 1991. Measuring the existence value of wildlife: what do CVM estimates really show? Land Economics 67(4):390-400.

MA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$11.93

Per Household Per Year

Stevens, T.H., J. Echeverria, R.J. Glass, T. Hager and T.A. More. 1991. Measuring the existence value of wildlife: what do CVM estimates really show? Land Economics 67(4):390-400.

New England

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$18.33

Per Household Per Year

Stevens, T.H., J. Echeverria, R.J. Glass, T. Hager and T.A. More. 1991. Measuring the existence value of wildlife: what do CVM estimates really show? Land Economics 67(4):390-400.

New England

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$37.99

Per Household Per Year

Stevens, T.H., J. Echeverria, R.J. Glass, T. Hager and T.A. More. 1991. Measuring the existence value of wildlife: what do CVM estimates really show? Land Economics 67(4):390-400.

MA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$13.27

Per Household Per Year

Stevens, T.H., J. Echeverria, R.J. Glass, T. Hager and T.A. More. 1991. Measuring the existence value of wildlife: what do CVM estimates really show? Land Economics 67(4):390-400.

New England

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$13.57

Per Household Per Year

Swanson, C. 1993. Economics of non-game management: bald eagles on the Skagit River Bald Eagle Natural Area, Washington. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Agricultural Economics, Ohio State University.

WA

Skagit River Bald Eagle Natural Area

Contingent Valuation Method

$410.64

Per Visitor

Swanson, C. 1993. Economics of non-game management: bald eagles on the Skagit River Bald Eagle Natural Area, Washington. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Agricultural Economics, Ohio State University.

WA

Skagit River Bald Eagle Natural Area

Contingent Valuation Method

$287.63

Per Visitor

U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1994. The reintroduction of gray wolves to Yellowstone National Park and central Idaho. Final Environmental Impact Statement, Helena, MT.

ID, MT, WY

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$25.56

Per Household

U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1994. The reintroduction of gray wolves to Yellowstone National Park and central Idaho. Final Environmental Impact Statement, Helena, MT.

USA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$14.30

Per Household

U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1994. The reintroduction of gray wolves to Yellowstone National Park and central Idaho. Final Environmental Impact Statement, Helena, MT.

USA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$14.61

Per Household

U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1994. The reintroduction of gray wolves to Yellowstone National Park and central Idaho. Final Environmental Impact Statement, Helena, MT.

ID, MT, WY

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$33.59

Per Household

U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 2000. Grizzly bear recovery in the Bitterroot Ecosystem. Final Environmental Impact Statement.

USA

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$62.40

Per Household

U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 2000. Grizzly bear recovery in the Bitterroot Ecosystem. Final Environmental Impact Statement.

ID, MT, WY, WA, OR, UT

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$69.93

Per Household

U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 2000. Grizzly bear recovery in the Bitterroot Ecosystem. Final Environmental Impact Statement.

Missoula County, MT; Mineral County, MT; Ravalli County, MT; Idaho County, ID; Clearwater County, ID; Nez Perce County, ID; Lewis County, ID; Shoshone County, ID

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$75.65

Per Household

Whitehead, J.C. 1992. Ex ante willingness to pay with supply and demand uncertainty: implications for valuing a sea turtle protection programme. Applied Economics 24:981-988.

NC

---

Contingent Valuation Method

$22.32

Per Household Per Year

Reference Location

Site

Species

Type of Change
Being Valued

Percent Change

Species Status at
time of Study

Survey
Type

Data Year(s)

Response
Rate (%)

Sample Frame

Valuation Method

Sample
Size

Stated
Preference
Elicitation
Method

Stated
Preference
Payment
Vehicle

Stated
Preference
Payment Type

Economic
Value
Estimate
($2014)

Units

OR

Coos Bay Estuary

Salmon

No Longer Threatened with Extinction

---

Threatened

Mail

2000

58.4

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

424

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$68.74

Per Household Per Year

OR

Yaquina Bay Estuary

Salmon

No Longer Threatened with Extinction

---

Threatened

Mail

2000

59.7

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

357

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$104.13

Per Household Per Year

OR

Tillamook Bay Estuary

Salmon

No Longer Threatened with Extinction

---

Threatened

Mail

2000

53.2

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

347

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$33.65

Per Household Per Year

OR

Yaquina Bay Estuary

Salmon

No Longer Threatened with Extinction

---

Threatened

Mail

2000

59.7

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

357

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$158.84

Per Household Per Year

OR

Tillamook Bay Estuary

Salmon

No Longer Threatened with Extinction

---

Threatened

Mail

2000

53.2

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

347

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$109.05

Per Household Per Year

WA

Grays Harbor Estuary

Salmon

Increase in Catch and Run Size

100.0

Candidate for Listing

Mail

2000

49.1

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

357

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$164.34

Per Household Per Year

WA

Willapa Bay Estuary

Salmon

Increase in Catch and Run Size

100.0

Candidate for Listing

Mail

2000

61.7

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

386

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$167.46

Per Household Per Year

WA

Grays Harbor Estuary

Salmon

Increase in Catch and Run Size

100.0

Candidate for Listing

Mail

2000

49.1

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

357

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$108.52

Per Household Per Year

WA

Willapa Bay Estuary

Salmon

Increase in Catch and Run Size

100.0

Candidate for Listing

Mail

2000

61.7

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

386

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$107.44

Per Household Per Year

OR

Coos Bay Estuary

Salmon

No Longer Threatened with Extinction

---

Threatened

Mail

2000

58.4

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

424

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$56.54

Per Household Per Year

NM

---

Silvery Minnow

Protecting Minimum Instream Flows

---

Endangered

Telephone

1995

64

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

284

Dichotomous Choice

Trust Fund

Annual Fixed Period

$44.63

Per Household Per Year

TX

Aransas National Wildlife Refuge

Whooping Crane

Ensure Continued Existence

---

Endangered

In-person

1983

67

Visitors

Contingent Valuation Method

254

Dichotomous Choice

Membership in a Foundation

Annual in Perpetuity

$80.81

Per Visitor Per Year

TX and USA

---

Whooping Crane

Ensure Continued Existence

---

Endangered

Mail

1983

36

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

316

Dichotomous Choice

Membership in a Foundation

Annual in Perpetuity

$51.10

Per Household Per Year

WI

---

Striped Shiner

Prevent Extinction

---

Endangered in Wisconsin; Not Threatened or Endangered at Federal Level

Mail

1984

73

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

355

Dichotomous Choice

Membership in a Foundation

Annual in Perpetuity

$9.48

Per Household Per Year

WI

---

Bald Eagle

Prevent Extinction

---

Endangered in Wisconsin; Threatened at Federal Level

Mail

1984

73

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

147

Dichotomous Choice

Membership in a Foundation

Annual in Perpetuity

$26.98

Per Household Per Year

Ely and St. Cloud, MN

---

Gray Wolf

Sustaining a Stable Population Goal

---

Endangered

Mail

2001

56.1

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

352

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes

One-time

$26.49

Per Household

Albuquerque, NM

---

Colorado Squawfish

Prevent Extinction

---

Threatened

Mail

1992

53

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

94

Open-ended

State Taxes

Annual in Perpetuity

$14.33

Per Household Per Year

Yellowstone National Park

Yellowstone National Park

Gray Wolf

Reintroduction

---

Endangered

Mail

1990

30.6

Visitors

Contingent Valuation Method

158

Dichotomous Choice

Lifetime Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$110.29

Per Visitor

Yellowstone National Park

Yellowstone National Park

Gray Wolf

Reintroduction

---

Endangered

Mail

1991

86

Visitors

Contingent Valuation Method

121

Dichotomous Choice

Lifetime Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$190.35

Per Visitor

USA

---

Arctic Grayling

Increased Stream Flows

33.0

Endangered

Mail

1991

77.1

Nonresident MT Fishing License Holders

Contingent Valuation Method

157

Payment Card

Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$23.30

Per Angler

ID, MT, WY

---

Gray Wolf

Reintroduction

---

Endangered

Telephone

1992

46.6

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

189

Dichotomous Choice

Lifetime Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$43.95

Per Household

USA

---

Arctic Grayling

Increased Stream Flows

33.0

Endangered

Mail

1991

27.3

Nonresident MT Fishing License Holders

Contingent Valuation Method

157

Payment Card

Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$31.08

Per Angler

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Expanded Recovery Program

---

Endangered

Mail

2000

63.6

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

1653

Dichotomous Choice

Federal Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$84.04

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Mexican Spotted Owl

Recovery

---

Threatened

Mail

1996

54.4

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

686

Dichotomous Choice

Trust Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$81.63

Per Household Per Year

CA

---

Northern Elephant Seal

Prevent a Decrease in Population

---

Recovering; Not Listed

Mail

1984

21

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

172

Payment Card

Preservation Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$41.67

Per Household Per Year

CA

---

Whales (Gray and Blue)

Prevent a Decrease in Population

---

Blue Whale Endangered; Gray Whale Threatened

Mail

1984

21

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

178

Payment Card

Preservation Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$54.57

Per Household Per Year

CA

---

Bottlenose Dolphin

Prevent a Decrease in Population

---

Abundant; Not Listed

Mail

1984

21

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

172

Payment Card

Preservation Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$40.40

Per Household Per Year

CA

---

California Sea Otter

Prevent a Decrease in Population

---

Threatened

Mail

1984

21

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

171

Payment Card

Preservation Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$47.28

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Northern Spotted Owl

Conservation Policy to Prevent Extinction

---

Threatened

Mail

1990

46

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

291

Dichotomous Choice

Taxes and Wood Prices

Annual in Perpetuity

$156.35

Per Household Per Year

AZ

---

Bighorn Sheep

Prevent a Decrease in Population

---

Unknown

Mail

1985

59

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

550

Open-ended

Foundation

Annual

$19.95

Per Household Per Year

ME

---

Peregrine Falcon

Increase in Population

87.5

Endangered

Mail

1997

63.1

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

206

Dichotomous Choice

State Taxes

One-time

$38.04

Per Household

ME

---

Shortnose Sturgeon

Prevent a Decrease in Population

---

Endangered

Mail

1997

63.1

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

200

Dichotomous Choice

State Taxes

One-time

$39.28

Per Household

WA

---

Western Washington and Puget Sound Migratory Fish

Increase in Population

50.0

Unspecified

Mail

1998

68

Households

Choice Experiment

801

Stated Choice

State Program Payment

Annual Fixed Period (Converted from Monthly)

$363.03

Per Household Per Year

WA

---

Eastern Washington and Columbia River Freshwater Fish

Increase in Population

50.0

Unspecified

Mail

1998

68

Households

Choice Experiment

801

Stated Choice

State Program Payment

Annual Fixed Period (Converted from Monthly)

$248.70

Per Household Per Year

WA

---

Eastern Washington and Columbia River Migratory Fish

Increase in Population

50.0

Unspecified

Mail

1998

68

Households

Choice Experiment

801

Stated Choice

State Program Payment

Annual Fixed Period (Converted from Monthly)

$172.89

Per Household Per Year

WA

---

Western Washington and Puget Sound Freshwater Fish

Increase in Population

50.0

Unspecified

Mail

1998

68

Households

Choice Experiment

801

Stated Choice

State Program Payment

Annual Fixed Period (Converted from Monthly)

$270.49

Per Household Per Year

WA

---

Western Washington and Puget Sound Saltwater Fish

Increase in Population

50.0

Unspecified

Mail

1998

68

Households

Choice Experiment

801

Stated Choice

State Program Payment

Annual Fixed Period (Converted from Monthly)

$367.22

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Increase in Population

50.0

Endangered

Mail

2007

60

Households

Choice Experiment

587

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$95.68

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Increase in Population

50.0

Endangered

Mail

2007

60

Households

Choice Experiment

587

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$127.34

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Increase in Population

16.7

Endangered

Mail

2007

60

Households

Choice Experiment

587

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$70.98

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Increase in Population

16.7

Endangered

Mail

2007

60

Households

Choice Experiment

587

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$39.89

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Increase in Population

100.0

Endangered

Mail

2007

64

Households

Choice Experiment

648

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$233.19

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Increase in Population

100.0

Endangered

Mail

2007

64

Households

Choice Experiment

648

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$177.16

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Increase in Population

55.6

Endangered

Mail

2007

64

Households

Choice Experiment

648

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$194.67

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Increase in Population

55.6

Endangered

Mail

2007

64

Households

Choice Experiment

648

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$140.46

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Increase in Population

11.1

Endangered

Mail

2007

64

Households

Choice Experiment

648

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$95.67

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Increase in Population

11.1

Endangered

Mail

2007

64

Households

Choice Experiment

648

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$40.89

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Steller Sea Lion

Prevent a Decrease in Population

---

Endangered

Mail

2007

64

Households

Choice Experiment

648

Stated Choice

Taxes and Goods

Annual Fixed Period

$54.29

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Mexican Spotted Owl

Recovery

Endangered

Mail

1996

56

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

218

Multiple Bounded

Payment

Annual in Perpetuity

$61.09

Per Household Per Year

Clallam County, WA

---

Salmon and Steelhead

Increase in Population

600.0

Unspecified

Mail

1994

77

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

284

Dichotomous Choice

Federal Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$94.25

Per Household Per Year

USA

---

Salmon and Steelhead

Increase in Population

600.0

Unspecified

Mail

1994

55

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

423

Dichotomous Choice

Federal Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$108.62

Per Household Per Year

WA

---

Salmon and Steelhead

Increase in Population

600.0

Unspecified

Mail

1994

68

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

467

Dichotomous Choice

Federal Taxes

Annual Fixed Period

$116.61

Per Household Per Year

CA Coast

Point Loma National Seashore, Monterey, Half Moon ...

Gray Whale

Increase in Population and Sightings

50.0

Threatened Until Recently

Intercept and Mail-back

1991

71.3

Visitors

Contingent Valuation Method

672

Open-ended

Protection Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$43.45

Per Visitor Per Year

CA

---

Gray Whale

Increase in Population and Sightings

50.0

Threatened Until Recently

Mail

1991

54

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

519

Open-ended

Protection Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$28.12

Per Household Per Year

CA

---

Gray Whale

Increase in Population and Sightings

100.0

Threatened Until Recently

Mail

1991

54

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

519

Open-ended

Protection Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$31.53

Per Household Per Year

CA Coast

Point Loma National Seashore, Monterey, Half Moon ...

Gray Whale

Increase in Population and Sightings

100.0

Threatened Until Recently

Intercept and Mail-back

1991

71.3

Visitors

Contingent Valuation Method

672

Open-ended

Protection Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$51.68

Per Visitor Per Year

Pacific Northwest

---

Salmon and Steelhead

Increase in Population

100.0

Unknown

Telephone

1989

72

Anglers

Contingent Valuation Method

482

Open-ended

Electric Bill

Annual

$142.56

Per Angler Per Year

Pacific Northwest

---

Salmon and Steelhead

Increase in Population

100.0

Unknown

Telephone

1989

72

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

695

Open-ended

Electric Bill

Annual

$50.46

Per Household Per Year

Pacific Northwest

---

Salmon and Steelhead

Increase in Population

100.0

Unknown

Telephone

1989

72

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

695

Open-ended

Electric Bill

Annual

$112.57

Per Household Per Year

SC and USA

---

Red-cockaded Woodpecker

Chance of Survival

99.0

Endangered

Mail

1992

47

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

128

Dichotomous Choice

Preservation Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$22.36

Per Household Per Year

SC and USA

---

Red-cockaded Woodpecker

Chance of Survival

99.0

Endangered

Mail

1992

51

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

154

Open-ended

Preservation Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$17.35

Per Household Per Year

SC and USA

---

Red-cockaded Woodpecker

Chance of Survival

99.0

Endangered

Mail

1992

51

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

184

Payment Card

Preservation Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$14.09

Per Household Per Year

WA

---

Northern Spotted Owl

Chance of Survival

100.0

Threatened

Mail

1987

23

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

216

Payment Card

Unspecified

Annual in Perpetuity

$72.60

Per Household Per Year

Oahu, HI

---

Hawaiian Monk Seal

Prevent Extinction

---

Endangered

In-person

1986

---

On-site

Contingent Valuation Method

328

Dichotomous Choice

Money and Time

One-time

$196.56

Per Person

Oahu, HI

---

Humpback Whale

Prevent Extinction

---

Endangered

In-person

1986

---

On-site

Contingent Valuation Method

328

Dichotomous Choice

Money and Time

One-time

$285.12

Per Person

Citrus County, FL

---

Florida Manatee

Prevent a Decrease in Population

---

Endangered

Mail

2001

36

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

297

Payment Card

Protection Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$13.70

Per Household Per Year

Orange County, CA

---

Riverside Fairy Shrimp

Prevent Extinction

---

Endangered

Mail

2001

32

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

242

Payment Card

Taxes

Annual in Perpetuity

$33.22

Per Household Per Year

New England

---

Bald Eagle

Prevent Extinction

---

Nearly Extirpated; Restoration Efforts Successful

Mail

1989

37

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

339

Dichotomous Choice

Trust Fund

Annual Fixed Period

$53.93

Per Household Per Year

MA

---

Atlantic Salmon

Prevent Extinction

---

Nearly Extirpated; Restoration Efforts Not Very Successful

Mail

1989

30

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

169

Dichotomous Choice

Trust Fund

Annual Fixed Period

$11.93

Per Household Per Year

New England

---

Wild Turkey

Prevent Extinction

---

Nearly Extirpated; Restoration Efforts Successful

Mail

1989

37

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

339

Open-ended

Trust Fund

Annual Fixed Period

$18.33

Per Household Per Year

New England

---

Bald Eagle

Prevent Extinction

---

Nearly Extirpated; Restoration Efforts Successful

Mail

1989

37

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

339

Open-ended

Trust Fund

Annual Fixed Period

$37.99

Per Household Per Year

MA

---

Atlantic Salmon

Prevent Extinction

---

Nearly Extirpated; Restoration Efforts Not Very Successful

Mail

1989

30

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

169

Open-ended

Trust Fund

Annual Fixed Period

$13.27

Per Household Per Year

New England

---

Wild Turkey

Prevent Extinction

---

Nearly Extirpated; Restoration Efforts Successful

Mail

1989

37

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

339

Dichotomous Choice

Trust Fund

Annual Fixed Period

$13.57

Per Household Per Year

WA

Skagit River Bald Eagle Natural Area

Bald Eagle

Increase in Population

300.0

Endangered

Mail

1989

57

Visitors

Contingent Valuation Method

747

Dichotomous Choice

Membership in a Fund

One-time

$410.64

Per Visitor

WA

Skagit River Bald Eagle Natural Area

Bald Eagle

Increase in Population

300.0

Endangered

Mail

1989

57

Visitors

Contingent Valuation Method

747

Open-ended

Membership in a Fund

One-time

$287.63

Per Visitor

ID, MT, WY

---

Gray Wolf

Reintroduction in Central Idaho

---

Endangered

Telephone

1993

69.6

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

345

Dichotomous Choice

Lifetime Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$25.56

Per Household

USA

---

Gray Wolf

Reintroduction in Central Idaho

---

Endangered

Telephone

1993

---

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

---

Dichotomous Choice

Lifetime Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$14.30

Per Household

USA

---

Gray Wolf

Reintroduction in Yellowstone National Park Area

---

Endangered

Telephone

1993

---

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

---

Dichotomous Choice

Lifetime Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$14.61

Per Household

ID, MT, WY

---

Gray Wolf

Reintroduction in Yellowstone National Park Area

---

Endangered

Telephone

1993

69.6

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

335

Dichotomous Choice

Lifetime Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$33.59

Per Household

USA

---

Grizzly Bear

Reintroduction in the Bitterroot Mountains of Central Idaho

---

Endangered

Telephone

1995

---

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

285

Dichotomous Choice

Lifetime Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$62.40

Per Household

ID, MT, WY, WA, OR, UT

---

Grizzly Bear

Reintroduction in the Bitterroot Mountains of Central Idaho

---

Endangered

Telephone

1995

---

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

289

Dichotomous Choice

Lifetime Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$69.93

Per Household

Missoula County, MT; Mineral County, MT; Ravalli County, MT; Idaho County, ID; Clearwater County, ID; Nez Perce County, ID; Lewis County, ID; Shoshone County, ID

---

Grizzly Bear

Reintroduction in the Bitterroot Mountains of Central Idaho

---

Endangered

Telephone

1995

---

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

286

Dichotomous Choice

Lifetime Membership in a Trust Fund

One-time

$75.65

Per Household

NC

---

Loggerhead Sea Turtle

Prevent Extinction

---

Threatened

Mail

1991

35

Households

Contingent Valuation Method

207

Dichotomous Choice

Preservation Fund

Annual in Perpetuity

$22.32

Per Household Per Year