Bergstrom, J.C. and H.K. Cordell. 1991. An analysis of the demand for and value of outdoor recreation in the United States. Journal of Leisure Research 23(1):67-86.
USA
USA
Travel Cost Method - Zonal
$30.88
Per person per day
Johnston, R.J., T.A. Grigalunas, J.J. Opaluch, M. Mazzotta and J. Diamantedes. 2002. Valuing estuarine resource services using economic and ecological models: The Peconic Estuary System Study. Coastal Management 30:47-65.
NY
Peconic Estuary System
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$13.34
Per person per trip
Kalter, R.J. and L.E. Gosse. 1969. Outdoor recreation in New York State: Projections of demand, economic value, and pricing effects for the period 1970-1985. Special Cornell Series No. 5. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University.
NY
NY
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$52.14
Per person per day
Leggett, C., M. Markowski, R. Umsworth, B. Sigman, G. Parsons and K.J. Boyle. 2003. Padre Island National Seashore visitor day values. Cambridge, MA: Industrial Economics, Inc.
TX
Padre Island National Seashore
Random Utility Model
$11.21
Per group per day
McCollum, D.W., G.L. Peterson, J.R. Arnold, D.C. Markstrom and D.M. Hellerstein. 1990. The net economic value of recreation on the National Forests: Twelve types of primary activity trips across nine Forest Service Regions. Research Paper RM-289. Fort Collins, CO: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station.
AR, FL, GA, MS, NC, SC, TN
Ozark-St Francis, NFS, Chattahoochee-Oconee, Francis Marion and Sumter, Cherokee
Travel Cost Method - Zonal
$18.64
Per person per day
McCollum, D.W., G.L. Peterson, J.R. Arnold, D.C. Markstrom and D.M. Hellerstein. 1990. The net economic value of recreation on the National Forests: Twelve types of primary activity trips across nine Forest Service Regions. Research Paper RM-289. Fort Collins, CO: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station.
IN, MI, NH, OH, WI, WV
Wayne-Hoosier, Huron-Manistee, White Mountain, Nicolet, Monongahela
Travel Cost Method - Zonal
$21.81
Per person per day
McCollum, D.W., G.L. Peterson, J.R. Arnold, D.C. Markstrom and D.M. Hellerstein. 1990. The net economic value of recreation on the National Forests: Twelve types of primary activity trips across nine Forest Service Regions. Research Paper RM-289. Fort Collins, CO: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station.
OR, WA
Willamette, Ochoco, Wallowa-Whitman, Rogue River, Wenatchee, Mt Baker-Snoqualmie
Travel Cost Method - Zonal
$48.87
Per person per day
McCollum, D.W., G.L. Peterson, J.R. Arnold, D.C. Markstrom and D.M. Hellerstein. 1990. The net economic value of recreation on the National Forests: Twelve types of primary activity trips across nine Forest Service Regions. Research Paper RM-289. Fort Collins, CO: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station.
CA
Angeles, Los Padres, Sierra, Lake Tahoe Basin MU, Inyo, Klamath
Travel Cost Method - Zonal
$23.15
Per person per day
McKean, John R. et al. 2005. Willingness to Pay for Non-Angler Recreation at the Lower Snake River Reservoirs Journal of Leisure Research
WA
Snake River
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$26.84
Per person per trip
Sutherland, R.J. 1982. Recreation and preservation valuation estimes for Flathead River and Lake system. Kalispell, MT: Flathead River Basin Commission.
MT
Flathead Lake
Travel Cost Method - Zonal
$12.52
Per person per day
Ward, F.A. 1982. The demand for and value of recreational use of water in southeastern New Mexico. Las Cruces, NM: Agricultural Experiment Station, New Mexico State University.
NM
Lake McMillan
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$77.37
Per person per day
Ward, F.A. 1982. The demand for and value of recreational use of water in southeastern New Mexico. Las Cruces, NM: Agricultural Experiment Station, New Mexico State University.
NM
Lake Carlsbad Recreation Area
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$24.88
Per person per day
Ward, F.A. 1982. The demand for and value of recreational use of water in southeastern New Mexico. Las Cruces, NM: Agricultural Experiment Station, New Mexico State University.
NM
Lake McMillan
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$27.91
Per person per day
Ward, F.A. 1982. The demand for and value of recreational use of water in southeastern New Mexico. Las Cruces, NM: Agricultural Experiment Station, New Mexico State University.
NM
Lake Carlsbad Recreation Area
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$9.29
Per person per day
Reference Location

Site

Ownership

Survey
Type

Data Year(s)

Visitor Type

Sample
Summary
Stats
Provided

Response
Rate (%)

Sample Frame

Valuation Method

Regression
Model
Provided

Sample
Size

Stated
Preference
Elicitation
Method

Stated
Preference
Payment
Vehicle

Stated
Preference
Payment Type

Revealed Preference
Substitute Price
Included
in Regression

Revealed
Preference
Observations
Truncated

Revealed Preference
Corrected for
Endogenous
Stratifaction

Revealed Preference
Cost/Mile
Used

Revealed Preference
Opportunity Cost
of Time Included
in Regression

Revealed Preference
Opportunity Cost
of Time Used

Revealed Preference
% of Wage
Rate Used

Revealed Preference
Single Destination
Trips Only

Revealed Preference
Primary Purpose
Visitors Only

Group
Size

Days
per Trip

Economic
Value
Estimate
(2014)

Units

USA

USA

Public Land - Mixed

In-person

1987

Resident and Non-resident

No

81.25

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Zonal

Yes

2678

---

---

---

Yes

No

No

---

Yes

Wage Rate

50

Yes

Yes

---

---

$30.88

Per person per day

NY

Peconic Estuary System

Public Land - Other

Web-based

1995

Resident and Non-resident

No

---

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Individual

No

---

---

---

---

No

No

No

---

Yes

---

---

---

---

---

---

$13.34

Per person per trip

NY

NY

Public and Private Land - Mixed

---

1960

Resident

No

---

---

Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

1609

---

---

---

No

No

No

---

No

Unspecified

---

Unspecified

Unspecified

---

---

$52.14

Per person per day

TX

Padre Island National Seashore

Public Land - Mixed

Mixed Modes

2001

Resident

Yes

23

General Population

Random Utility Model

No

450

---

---

---

No

No

Yes

---

---

Unspecified

---

Unspecified

Unspecified

4

1

$11.21

Per group per day

AR, FL, GA, MS, NC, SC, TN

Ozark-St Francis, NFS, Chattahoochee-Oconee, Franc...

Public Land - National Forest

In-person

1986

Resident and Non-resident

No

90

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Zonal

Yes

120

---

---

---

Yes

No

No

0.13

Yes

Wage Rate

30

Yes

Yes

3.55

0.44

$18.64

Per person per day

IN, MI, NH, OH, WI, WV

Wayne-Hoosier, Huron-Manistee, White Mountain, Nic...

Public Land - National Forest

In-person

1986

Resident and Non-resident

No

90

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Zonal

Yes

202

---

---

---

Yes

No

No

0.13

Yes

Wage Rate

30

Yes

Yes

3.51

0.45

$21.81

Per person per day

OR, WA

Willamette, Ochoco, Wallowa-Whitman, Rogue River, ...

Public Land - National Forest

In-person

1986

Resident and Non-resident

No

90

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Zonal

Yes

53

---

---

---

Yes

No

No

0.13

Yes

Wage Rate

30

Yes

Yes

2.88

0.45

$48.87

Per person per day

CA

Angeles, Los Padres, Sierra, Lake Tahoe Basin MU, ...

Public Land - National Forest

In-person

1986

Resident and Non-resident

No

90

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Zonal

Yes

39

---

---

---

Yes

No

No

0.13

Yes

Wage Rate

30

Yes

Yes

2.9

1.26

$23.15

Per person per day

WA

Snake River

Public Land - Other

Mail

1998

Resident and Non-resident

No

66.5

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

77

---

---

---

No

Yes

Yes

0.197

Yes

---

---

No

No

2.21

2.33

$26.84

Per person per trip

MT

Flathead Lake

Public Land - State Park

In-person

1981

Resident and Non-resident

Yes

---

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Zonal

Yes

---

---

---

---

No

No

No

0.087

No

---

---

Unspecified

Unspecified

---

---

$12.52

Per person per day

NM

Lake McMillan

Public Land - Other

Mail

1979

Resident

No

18.5

General Population

Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

13

---

---

---

Yes

No

No

---

Yes

Self-reported

---

---

---

---

2.91

$77.37

Per person per day

NM

Lake Carlsbad Recreation Area

Public Land - Other

Mail

1979

Resident

No

18.5

General Population

Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

20

---

---

---

No

No

No

---

Yes

Self-reported

---

---

---

---

3.63

$24.88

Per person per day

NM

Lake McMillan

Public Land - Other

Mail

1979

Resident

No

18.5

General Population

Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

13

---

---

---

Yes

No

No

---

No

Self-reported

---

---

---

---

2.91

$27.91

Per person per day

NM

Lake Carlsbad Recreation Area

Public Land - Other

Mail

1979

Resident

No

18.5

General Population

Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

20

---

---

---

No

No

No

---

No

Self-reported

---

---

---

---

3.63

$9.29

Per person per day

Average Values

Regions
Swimming Averages - Activity Detail
Region Sample Size Average Value
Alaska --- ---  
Intermountain 5 $28.87
Multiple Areas 1 $29.33
Northeast 3 $27.64
Pacific Coast 3 $31.30
Southeast 2 $14.18