Bhat, M.G. 2003. Application of non-market valuation to the Florida Keys marine reserve management. Journal of Environmental Management 67:315-325.
FL
Florida Keys
SCUBA Diving
Stated Choice, Travel Cost Method - Individual
$184.06
Per person per day
Cesar, H., P. van Buerkering, S. Pintz and J. Dierking. 2002. Economic valuation of the coral reefs of Hawaii. Hawaii Coral Reef Initiative Research Program. University of Hawaii.
HI
Hawaii coral reefs
SCUBA Diving
Contingent Valuation Method
$12.43
Per person per day
Cesar, H., P. van Buerkering, S. Pintz and J. Dierking. 2002. Economic valuation of the coral reefs of Hawaii. Hawaii Coral Reef Initiative Research Program. University of Hawaii.
HI
Hawaii coral reefs
SCUBA Diving
Contingent Valuation Method
$12.43
Per person per day
Cesar, H., P. van Buerkering, S. Pintz and J. Dierking. 2002. Economic valuation of the coral reefs of Hawaii. Hawaii Coral Reef Initiative Research Program. University of Hawaii.
HI
Hawaii coral reefs
Snorkeling
Contingent Valuation Method
$10.86
Per person per day
Cesar, H., P. van Buerkering, S. Pintz and J. Dierking. 2002. Economic valuation of the coral reefs of Hawaii. Hawaii Coral Reef Initiative Research Program. University of Hawaii.
HI
Hawaii coral reefs
Snorkeling
Contingent Valuation Method
$11.48
Per person per day
Gornik, K., T. Lin, G. McDonal, N. Ng, C. Quigley, and D. Viana. 2013. The non-market value of private recreational boating in the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary. Bren School of Environmental Science & Management, University of California Santa Barbara
CA
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary
SCUBA/Snorkeling
Random Utility Model
$10.97
Per group per day
Huth, W., O.A. Morgan, P. Hindsley. 2015. Artificial reef attributes and the relationship with natural reefs: Evidence from the Florida Keys. Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics
FL
Florida Keys
SCUBA/Snorkeling
Contingent Valuation Method, Travel Cost Method - Individual
$305.07
Per person per trip
Huth, W., O.A. Morgan, P. Hindsley. 2015. Artificial reef attributes and the relationship with natural reefs: Evidence from the Florida Keys. Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics
FL
Florida Keys
SCUBA/Snorkeling
Contingent Valuation Method, Travel Cost Method - Individual
$308.42
Per person per trip
Johns, G.M., V.R. Leeworthy, F.W. Bell and M.A. Bonn. 2001. Socioeconomic study of reefs in Southeast Florida. Final Report, October 19, 2001. Hollywood, FL: Hazen and Sawyer, P.C.
FL
Natural reefs
Snorkeling
Contingent Valuation Method
$23.16
Per person per day
Johns, G.M., V.R. Leeworthy, F.W. Bell and M.A. Bonn. 2001. Socioeconomic study of reefs in Southeast Florida. Final Report, October 19, 2001. Hollywood, FL: Hazen and Sawyer, P.C.
FL
Artificial reefs
Snorkeling
Contingent Valuation Method
$19.60
Per person per day
Oh, C., R.B. Ditton, and J.R. Stoll. 2008. The Economic Value of Scuba-Diving Use of Natural and Artifical Reef Habitats Society and Natural Resources 21(6):455-468
TX
Artificial reefs in Teax offshore waters
SCUBA Diving
Contingent Valuation Method
$160.94
Per person per trip
Oh, C., R.B. Ditton, and J.R. Stoll. 2008. The Economic Value of Scuba-Diving Use of Natural and Artifical Reef Habitats Society and Natural Resources 21(6):455-468
TX
Reefs in Teax offshore waters
SCUBA Diving
Contingent Valuation Method
$256.69
Per person per trip
Oh, C., R.B. Ditton, and J.R. Stoll. 2008. The Economic Value of Scuba-Diving Use of Natural and Artifical Reef Habitats Society and Natural Resources 21(6):455-468
TX
Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary
SCUBA Diving
Contingent Valuation Method
$273.67
Per person per trip
Park, T., J.M. Bowker and V.R. Leeworthy. 2002. Valuing snorkeling visits to the Florida Keys with stated and revealed preference models. Journal of Environmental Management 65:301-312.
FL
Florida Keys
Snorkeling
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$74.72
Per person per trip
Park, T., J.M. Bowker and V.R. Leeworthy. 2002. Valuing snorkeling visits to the Florida Keys with stated and revealed preference models. Journal of Environmental Management 65:301-312.
FL
Florida Keys
Snorkeling
Travel Cost Method - Individual
$118.79
Per person per trip
Reference Location

Site

Ownership

Primary Recreation Type

Survey
Type

Data Year(s)

Visitor Type

Sample
Summary
Stats
Provided

Response
Rate (%)

Sample Frame

Valuation Method

Regression
Model
Provided

Sample
Size

Stated
Preference
Elicitation
Method

Stated
Preference
Payment
Vehicle

Stated
Preference
Payment Type

Revealed Preference
Substitute Price
Included
in Regression

Revealed
Preference
Observations
Truncated

Revealed Preference
Corrected for
Endogenous
Stratifaction

Revealed Preference
Cost/Mile
Used

Revealed Preference
Opportunity Cost
of Time Included
in Regression

Revealed Preference
Opportunity Cost
of Time Used

Revealed Preference
% of Wage
Rate Used

Revealed Preference
Single Destination
Trips Only

Revealed Preference
Primary Purpose
Visitors Only

Group
Size

Days
per Trip

Economic
Value
Estimate
(2014)

Units

FL

Florida Keys

Public Land - Other

SCUBA Diving

In-person

1996

Resident and Non-resident

No

---

On-site

Stated Choice, Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

89

Stated Choice

Trip Cost

Per Use

No

Yes

Yes

---

No

---

---

Yes

Yes

---

4.79

$184.06

Per person per day

HI

Hawaii coral reefs

Public Land - Other

SCUBA Diving

In-person

2002

Resident

No

---

On-site

Contingent Valuation Method

No

96

Payment Card

Trip Cost

Per Use

No

No

No

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

$12.43

Per person per day

HI

Hawaii coral reefs

Public Land - Other

SCUBA Diving

In-person

2002

Non-resident

No

---

On-site

Contingent Valuation Method

No

363

Payment Card

Trip Cost

Per Use

No

No

No

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

$12.43

Per person per day

HI

Hawaii coral reefs

Public Land - Other

Snorkeling

In-person

2002

Resident

No

---

On-site

Contingent Valuation Method

No

96

Payment Card

Trip Cost

Per Use

No

No

No

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

$10.86

Per person per day

HI

Hawaii coral reefs

Public Land - Other

Snorkeling

In-person

2002

Non-resident

No

---

On-site

Contingent Valuation Method

No

363

Payment Card

Trip Cost

Per Use

No

No

No

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

$11.48

Per person per day

CA

Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary

Public Land - Mixed

SCUBA/Snorkeling

In-person

2007

Resident and Non-resident

Yes

---

On-site

Random Utility Model

Yes

110

---

---

---

No

No

No

0.213

Yes

Wage Rate

50

Unspecified

Unspecified

2.65

2.27

$10.97

Per group per day

FL

Florida Keys

Public Land - Mixed

SCUBA/Snorkeling

Web-based

2013

Other

Yes

44

On-site

Contingent Valuation Method, Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

121

Dichotomous Choice

Access Fee

Per Use

No

No

No

---

No

Unspecified

---

Unspecified

Unspecified

---

1

$305.07

Per person per trip

FL

Florida Keys

Public Land - Mixed

SCUBA/Snorkeling

Web-based

2013

Other

Yes

44

On-site

Contingent Valuation Method, Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

121

Dichotomous Choice

Access Fee

Per Use

No

No

No

---

No

Unspecified

---

Unspecified

Unspecified

---

1

$308.42

Per person per trip

FL

Natural reefs

Public Land - Other

Snorkeling

In-person

2000

Non-resident

Yes

---

On-site

Contingent Valuation Method

No

---

Dichotomous Choice

Trip Cost

Per Use

No

No

No

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

$23.16

Per person per day

FL

Artificial reefs

Public Land - Other

Snorkeling

In-person

2000

Non-resident

Yes

---

On-site

Contingent Valuation Method

No

---

Dichotomous Choice

Trip Cost

Per Use

No

No

No

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

$19.60

Per person per day

TX

Artificial reefs in Teax offshore waters

Public and Private Land - Mixed

SCUBA Diving

Mail

1997

Resident and Non-resident

Yes

56.2

User List

Contingent Valuation Method

Yes

285

Dichotomous Choice

Trip Cost

Per Use

No

No

No

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

$160.94

Per person per trip

TX

Reefs in Teax offshore waters

Public and Private Land - Mixed

SCUBA Diving

Mail

1997

Resident and Non-resident

Yes

56.2

User List

Contingent Valuation Method

Yes

285

Dichotomous Choice

Trip Cost

Per Use

No

No

No

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

$256.69

Per person per trip

TX

Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary

Public Land - Other

SCUBA Diving

Mail

1997

Resident and Non-resident

Yes

56.2

User List

Contingent Valuation Method

Yes

285

Dichotomous Choice

Trip Cost

Per Use

No

No

No

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

$273.67

Per person per trip

FL

Florida Keys

Public Land - Other

Snorkeling

In-person

1996

Resident and Non-resident

Yes

---

On-site

Travel Cost Method - Individual

Yes

460

---

---

---

Yes

Yes

No

0.14

No

---

---

No

No

---

9.72

$74.72

Per person per trip

FL

Florida Keys

Public Land - Other

Snorkeling

In-person

1996

Resident and Non-resident

Yes

---

On-site

Contingent Valuation Method

Yes

460

Open-ended

Access Fee

Per Use

No

No

No

---

---

---

---

---

---

---

9.72

$118.79

Per person per trip

Average Values

Regions
Diving Averages - Activity Detail
Region Sample Size Average Value
Alaska --- ---  
Intermountain --- ---  
Multiple Areas --- ---  
Northeast --- ---  
Pacific Coast 5 $11.05
Southeast 10 $163.83