Reference Location Publication Year

Number of
Observations

Waterbody
Type

Minimum WTP
per household/year
2014 USD

Maximum WTP
per household/year
2014 USD

Source

Constituent

Services
being Valued

Valuation Method

Stated
Preference
Elicitation
Method

CO

1985

1

freshwater
$221.05
$221.05
multiple sources
nonpoint source pollution
recreation

Contingent Valuation Method

Open Ended

RI

1986

1

salt pond and marshes
$206.79
$206.79
residential
residential waste
swimmable water

Contingent Valuation Method

Open Ended

IA

2001

5

lake
$23.37
$156.17
agriculture and urbanization
fertilizers, odor, algal blooms, and diminished clarity
recreation

Contingent Valuation Method

Dichotomous Choice

VA, WV, TN, NC, GA

2011

1

river and stream
$35.74
$35.74
industrial
acid rain
unspecified

Contingent Valuation Method and Choice Experiment

Dichotomous Choice, Double Bounded Dichotomous Choice, and Stated Preference

NY

2006

2

lake
$61.76
$69.48
power plants
acid rain
wildlife habitat

Contingent Valuation Method

Dichotomous Choice

DC, MD, VA

1988

1

estuary
$170.16
$170.16
agriculture, industrial, and residential
nonpoint source pollution: nitrogen, phosphorus, toxic substances, and decline of aquatic vegetation
swimmable water

Contingent Valuation Method

Dichotomous Choice

MD

1989

2

estuary
$86.59
$275.70
agriculture and urbanization
nonpoint source pollution: nutrient loading and toxic substances
unspecified

Contingent Valuation Method

Dichotomous Choice

WV, VA

2008

3

river and stream
$20.61
$75.15
agriculture and urbanization
nonpoint source pollution: sediment, bacteria, and sewage
swimmable water

Contingent Valuation Method

Open Ended and Payment Card

CA

1989

1

river and stream
$56.68
$56.68
--
general water quality
salmon and striped bass population

Contingent Valuation Method

Payment Card

CA

1994

2

estuary
$47.15
$88.79
residential
residential waste: sewage discharge
wildlife habitat

Contingent Valuation Method

Dichotomous Choice

AL

1990

3

river and stream
$89.61
$145.87
development
dams
wildlife habitat/recreation

Contingent Valuation Method

Iterative Bidding

WV

2007

1

river and stream
$20.77
$20.77
coal mines, residential
acidification, sewage, trash, and high levels of iron, aluminum and manganese
recreation

Contingent Valuation Method

Payment Card

WV

2009

7

river and stream
$3.24
$248.41
coal mines
acid mine drainage
recreation

Contingent Valuation Method

Payment Card

IA

2009

1

lake
$140.78
$140.78
agriculture and urbanization
fertilizers, odor, algal blooms, and diminished clarity
recreation

Contingent Valuation Method

Dichotomous Choice

IL

1987

9

river and stream
$70.15
$107.20
residential
residential waste
recreation

Contingent Valuation Method

Iterative Bidding

DC

1982

4

river and stream
$81.39
$279.94
urbanization
municipal discharge: nitrogen, phosphorus, turbidity, dissolved oxygen, and fecal coliform
swimming, boating, type and extent of fish species, odor, appearance of river, and ecological and miscellaneous outputs

Contingent Valuation Method

Open Ended

PA

1987

12

river and stream
$22.65
$156.72
--
general water quality
unspecified

Contingent Valuation Method

Open Ended and Iterative Bidding

PA

1983

2

river and stream
$146.61
$289.82
--
general water quality
unspecified

Contingent Valuation Method

Open Ended, Payment Card, and Iterative Bidding

OH

1995

1

river and stream
$80.13
$80.13
agriculture
nonpoint source pollution: nitrogen
unspecified

Contingent Valuation Method

Dichotomous Choice

PA

2008

2

river and stream
$12.22
$16.86
coal mines
acid, iron, aluminum, and manganese
unspecified

Contingent Valuation Method

Payment Card

PA

2000

6

river and stream
$18.93
$169.65
coal mines
general water quality
game fish

Choice experiment

Stated Choice

PA

2000

3

river and stream
$58.19
$138.94
coal mines
acid mine drainage
recreation

Choice experiment

Stated Choice

RI

1992

2

estuary
$447.03
$462.51
agriculture, industrial, and residential
nonpoint source pollution
shellfishing

Contingent Valuation Method

Dichotomous Choice

IA

1996

2

lake
$70.61
$237.33
agriculture, industrial, and residential
sediment runoff
recreation: game fish, recreation and game fish, or recreation (game fish)

Contingent Valuation Method

Dichotomous Choice

MS

2002

2

river and stream
$66.50
$70.71
agriculture
nonpoint source pollution: nitrogen
unspecified

Contingent Valuation Method

Open Ended

NC

1997

2

estuary
$291.81
$300.12
--
general water quality
game fish and shellfishing

Contingent Valuation Method and Travel Cost Method

Dichotomous Choice

OH

2007

4

freshwater
$22.44
$26.52
--
nonpoint source pollution
unspecified

Contingent Valuation Method

Open Ended

RI

1999

1

river and stream
$206.60
$206.60
septic tanks and sewers
general water quality
unspecified

Contingent Valuation Method

Dichotomous Choice

MA

1993

1

salt pond and marshes
$250.16
$250.16
residential
residential waste: sewage and high coliform bacteria
shellfishing

Contingent Valuation Method

Open Ended

IA, IL

1989

9

river and stream
$46.33
$77.23
agriculture
sediment runoff
recreation: game fish, recreation and game fish, or recreation (game fish)

Contingent Valuation Method

Open Ended

IA, IL

1990

3

river and stream
$141.94
$176.57
agriculture
sediment, nitrogen and phosphorus runoff
game fish

Contingent Valuation Method

Open Ended

OH

1999

1

river and lake
$47.87
$47.87
agriculture and urbanization
contaminated sediment
game fish

Contingent Valuation Method

Dichotomous Choice

MD

1994

8

estuary
$38.13
$137.24
flooding
stormwater runoff
unspecified

Contingent Valuation Method

Payment Card

MD

2004

1

estuary
$73.05
$73.05
--
general water quality
boating

Contingent Valuation Method

Open Ended

IL

2013

2

river and stream
$41.02
$47.31
flooding
stormwater runoff
unspecified

Choice experiment

Stated Choice

WA

1996

1

river and stream
$106.50
$106.50
development
dams
salmon populations

Contingent Valuation Method

Dichotomous Choice

WI

1993

2

lake
$68.38
$111.84
--
nonpoint source pollution: PCB and mercury
game fish

Contingent Valuation Method

Dichotomous Choice

CO, NC

2000

2

freshwater
$150.66
$495.59
agriculture and industrial
nonpoint source pollution
all aquatic species

Contingent Valuation Method

Iterative Bidding

MN

1999

2

river and stream
$20.75
$28.96
agriculture
nonpoint source pollution: phosphorus
recreation

Contingent Valuation Method

Dichotomous Choice

USA

1989

1

freshwater
$318.90
$318.90
multiple sources
multiple constituents
all aquatic species

Contingent Valuation Method

Open Ended

UT

2015

6

lakes, streams, and rivers
$75.69
$325.25
lawn fertilization, septic tank maintenance, stormwater runoff, agricultural practices, and sewage wastewater
nitrogen, phosphorus, and chlorophyll-A
frequency of algae booms, type and abundance of fish species, biodiversity, water clarity, color and odor, recreation, and drinking water taste

Contingent Valuation Method

Dichotomous Choice

Pacific NW

1991

3

river and stream
$45.37
$141.58
development
general water quality
salmon and steelhead populations

Contingent Valuation Method

Open Ended

NY

1998

1

estuary
$158.10
$158.10
agriculture and urbanization
nonpoint source pollution: nitrogen, coliform bacteria, Brown Tide cell counts, and water clarity
recreation

Choice experiment

Stated Choice

MN, SD

1997

1

lake
$9.55
$9.55
--
multiple categories
multiple categories

Contingent Valuation Method

Payment Card

CO

1985

1

river and stream
$154.02
$154.02
mining
acidification
recreation

Contingent Valuation Method

Open Ended

CO

1990

4

river and stream
$92.69
$225.80
development
general water quality
unspecified

Contingent Valuation Method

Open Ended

MT

1995

2

river and lake
$19.84
$28.63
mining
hazardous-substance contamination
unspecified

Contingent Valuation Method

Open Ended

FL

2004

2

river and lake
$157.53
$199.75
cattle ranching
nonpoint source pollution: phosphorus
unspecified

Choice experiment

Stated Choice

WI

2001

2

lake
$76.19
$116.30
agriculture and urbanization
nonpoint source pollution: phosphorus
recreation

Contingent Valuation Method

Dichotomous Choice

MT

1985

1

river and lake
$167.10
$167.10
coal mines
acid mine drainage
unspecified

Contingent Valuation Method

Open Ended

TN

2004

4

river and stream
$207.69
$447.40
agriculture, development, mining, sewage discharge, chemical spills, and residential
copper, chromium, nickel, zinc, ammonia, phosphorus, acid, and dissolved oxygen
multiple categories

Contingent Valuation Method and Choice Experiment

Dichotomous Choice, Open Ended, and Stated Preference

IA

1993

3

river and stream
$45.94
$85.16
agriculture
nonpoint source pollution: nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium
multiple categories

Contingent Valuation Method

Dichotomous Choice

MN

1986

6

freshwater
$125.41
$272.82
residential utilities
acid rain
unspecified

Contingent Valuation Method

Dichotomous Choice

MN

2011

3

lake
$12.09
$325.47
multiple sources
nonpoint source pollution: phosphorus
game fish

Contingent Valuation Method

Dichotomous Choice

RI

1990

2

salt pond and marshes
$73.18
$263.84
overcrowded boating
boating congestion
improved boating and shellfishing

Contingent Valuation Method

Open Ended and Payment Card

NC

2006

3

river and stream
$31.42
$417.36
--
general water quality
multiple categories

Contingent Valuation Method

Dichotomous Choice and Iterative Bidding

NC

1992

3

river and stream
$36.50
$60.84
agriculture
nonpoint source pollution
all aquatic species

Contingent Valuation Method

Open Ended

NC

1995

2

estuary
$89.59
$128.84
--
general water quality
multiple categories

Contingent Valuation Method

Iterative Bidding

TX

1994

1

estuary
$222.81
$222.81
--
general water quality
all aquatic species

Contingent Valuation Method

Dichotomous Choice