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In an effort to consolidate USGS hosted Wikis, myUSGS’ Confluence service is targeted for retirement. The official USGS Wiki and collaboration space is now SharePoint. Please migrate existing spaces and content to the SharePoint platform and remove it from Confluence at your earliest convenience. If you need any additional information or have any concerns about this change, please contact myusgs@usgs.gov. Thank you for your prompt attention to this matter.
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  • NABat User Help
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Main Menu Tab

Emergence Count Survey Monitoring

  • Note: Primary Surveyor, Survey Location and Survey Date must be filled in to proceed to other fields.
  • Note: The forms will auto-save as you are entering information

  • Click on the drop-down for the Primary Surveyor and choose the name of the surveyor
    • If the surveyors name is not yet on the list, click on the "+" to the right of the Primary Surveyor box and add all of the primary surveyor's information and then click OK

  • Add the survey location by using the Survey Location drop-down and choosing the location from the list
    • If the location is not yet on the list, click on the "+" to the right of the Survey Location box and add all of the location information and then click Finished

  • Add the Survey Date by clicking on the Survey Date box and then choosing the date from the calendar

  • Add the Emergence start and end times; remember to use the 24 hour clock, e.g., 13:00

Survey Detail tab

  • Add any Other Surveyors who helped conduct the survey by choosing them from the drop-down list
    • To add another surveyor click on the arrow, scroll down and click on the appropriate surveyor's name
    • To add a new surveyor from this screen click on the "+" and then add all of the necessary information to the new surveyor box
    • To delete a surveyor from the box click on the next to their name

  • Check whether the survey was done this year or will be done next year, and/or add a reason why the survey was not able to be conducted
  • Add any Survey Comments you want to add 

  • Conditions
    • Add all of the information about the Survey Conditions 
      • Note that the times must be in a 24 hour format and include a colon, e.g., 13:00
      • The moon phases can be chosen from the drop-down
  • Methods
    • Add details about the Methods as needed including whether photos were submitted
    • To add Photo information: 
      • Add whether photos were submitted
      • Enter they type of photo equipment used to take the photos
      • Digital Storage Location - this is the physical location on your server where the digital files are located

Return to TOC

Survey Location Tab

On the Survey Location page, you can include all of the information about the location where the survey was done. 

  • Note: Some fields will be populated from the Survey Location data that is already in the system. 

  • The Land Unit, Grid Cell Design, Grid Cell ID and Grid Cell Priority all have explanations when you click on the "?" to the right of the box
    • Or you can refer to the table here for definitions of all of the terms used in this application

  • The Unit Number, Grid Cell Design and the Broad Habitat all have drop-downs that you can choose from and click on if they are not already populated

  • If you want the data being entered for the Site Owner to remain private, please click on the Owner Private and Data Private boxes and then click Agree to the terms on the pop up box

  • You can upload images by double-clicking on the Upload Images box
    • Click Add to search for an image in your files
    • Navigate to the image in your pictures and double click on the image
    • The image title will now be shown in the box, click OK to upload the image to the Survey Location
    • The image should show in the Upload Images box

  • Add a Description of the site in the Description box

  • You can add UTMZone, Easting, Northing, specific Map DatumLatitude, Longitude, Proportion of Site Surveyed as a %, and a Map or Sketch of the Surveyed Area in the next column
    • To add a Map or Sketch of the Surveyed Area, save the map or sketch on your computer
    • Next, double click on the box for the map/sketch
    • Click on Add to search for the map you want to add in your files
    • Double click on the file(s)
    • Click OK to save the file(s) to the database

  • The Country, State, County and City/Town should be populated from the Survey Location data already entered

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Roost Info Tab

For the Roost Info Tab, enter all of the information pertaining to the Roost.

  • Fill in the blanks for the Outside Temp at the start and end of the survey in centigrade. 

  • Specify the Site Type by using the Site Type drop-down and choosing the appropriate site.

  • Specify the Roost length, width and height

  • Roost RH - Add the roost relative humidity as a percentage

  • Roost Temperature - Add the roost air temperature in centigrade 

  • Guano, Presence of Water and Roost Protection are all drop-down fields. Simply choose the appropriate observation from the drop-down arrow.

  • Fill in the other fields for Number of Entrances Monitored, Number of Entrances not Monitored and Number of Other Roosts within 10km

  • If there are any Signs of Disturbance such as depredation, graffiti, flooding or collapsed walls or ceilings, add them in the Signs of Disturbance box

  • Fill in the final 3 boxes with any Special Roost Requirements, Species Present or Species present, but not counted

Emergence Counts Tab

  • Add the name of the Surveyor by using the drop-down on the Surveyor box

  • Add the Time using the 24 hour clock, e.g., 14:00

  • Add the Species by using the drop-down. 
    • Note: You can add as many species as there are present; a new line will appear for each species. Be sure to fill in all fields for each new species.

  • Add the Abundance of Species as a percentage of the total species surveyed

  • Fill in In and Out fields with the number of bats that entered and left the survey location while you were surveying

  • Fill in the Net field with the difference of the number of bats that entered and the number of bats that left the cave while surveying

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Internal Summer Maternity Colony Survey/Internal Winter Hibernaculum Survey

  • Note: Primary Surveyor, Survey Location and Survey Date must be filled in to proceed to other fields.

Survey Detail tab

  • Add any Other Surveyors who helped conduct the survey by choosing them from the drop-down list
    • To add another surveyor click on the arrow, scroll down and click on the appropriate surveyor's name
    • To add a new surveyor from this screen click on the and then add all of the necessary information to the new surveyor box; click OK when finished to save
    • To delete a surveyor from the box click on the next to their name

  • Check whether the survey was done this year or will be done next year, and add a reason why the survey was not able to be conducted if it will be done next year

  • Add any Survey Comments you want to add in the Survey Comments box

  • Add details about the Methods as needed including whether photos were submitted
    • To add Photo information: 
      • Add whether photos were submitted
      • Enter they type of photo equipment used to take the photos
      • Digital Storage Location - this is the physical location on your server where the digital files are located

  • Conditions
    • Add all of the information about the Survey Conditions 
      • Note: All times must be in a 24 hour format and include a colon, e.g., 13:00
      • The moon phases can be chosen from the drop-down

Return to TOC

Species Present Tab

Note: The ?s at the top of the spreadsheet describe what is needed in the Generation, Number of Bats, Clusters, and Height/Distance columns

  • Species
    • Choose as many Species from the drop-down as are present at the survey site

  • Section
  • Generation
    • Estimate the number of Adults and Juveniles in the section you are counting
  • Colony Type Use the drop-down to choose the colony type: maternity, bachelor, hibernaculum, transient, mixed
  • Number of Bats
    • Total: Estimated number of bats
    • Lower: Upper range of the Lower estimate
    • Upper: Lower range of the Upper estimate
  • Clusters
    • Number: Estimated number of clusters
    • #Bats: Estimated number of bats per cluster
    • Size: Measured size of cluster
  • Height/Distance
    • Height: Height of bats within the structure
    • Distance: Distance between observers and bats
  • Number of Bat Specimens
    • List the number of bat specimens that were captured, banded, PIT-Tagged
  • Click on Add Collected to add bats captured, marked and collected for museum specimens or WNS diagnostics

  • To delete a row from the spreadsheet click on the X at the right side of the row

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Survey Location Tab

  • Land Unit: Fill in the name of the land unit, e.g., Acadia National Park, Ouray National Wildlife Refuge, etc.

  • Unit Number, Gird Cell Design, Broad Habitat can all be chosen from the drop-downs or may populate from the location information already in the system

  • Grid Cell ID: Indicate which sample design was used to select the Site/Cell for sampling. See ? for more detail.

  • Grid Cell Priority: Indicate the sampling priority as defined by the Master Sample Design found in columns FID of the Master Sample Spreadsheet.

  • Organization: Will be populated by the Survey Location information

  • Site Owner: Will be populated by the Survey Location

  • Owner Private/Data Private: If you want the information entered for the owner or data to remain private, click the Owner Private or Data Private boxes

  • Upload Images:
    • You can upload images by double-clicking on the Upload Images box
    • Click Add to browse to an image in your files
    • Navigate to the image in your pictures and double click on the image
    • The image title will now be shown in the box, click OK to upload the image to the Survey Location
    • The image should show in the Upload Images box
    • After images are loaded you can double click on the image again to bring the load window, then double click on each file to view the images in a larger size

  • Add a Description of the location in the description box if needed

  • You must specify UTM Zone, Easting, Northing, specific Map DatumLatitudeLongitudeProportion of Site Surveyed as a %, and a Map or Sketch of the Surveyed Area in the next column
    • To add a Map or Sketch of the Surveyed Area, save the map or sketch on your computer
    • Next, double click on the box for the map/sketch
    • Click Add to search for the map you want to add in your files
    • Double click on the file(s)
    • Click OK to save the file(s) to the database

  • The Country, State, County and City/Town should be populated from the Survey Location data already entered

  • Note: For Internal Winter Hibernaculum Surveys add notes about WNS Status, WNS Comments and WNS Samples collected at the bottom of the Survey Location tab.

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Roost Info Tab

For the Roost Info Tab, enter all of the information pertaining to the Roost.

  • Fill in the blanks for the Outside Temp at the start and end of the survey in centigrade. 

  • Specify the Site Type by using the Site Type drop-down and choosing the appropriate site.

  • Specify the Roost length, width and height

  • Roost RH - Add the roost relative humidity as a percentage

  • Roost Temperature - Add the roost air temperature in centigrade 

  • Guano, Presence of Water and Roost Protection are all drop-down fields. Simply choose the appropriate observation from the drop-down arrow.

  • Fill in the other fields for Number of Entrances Monitored, Number of Entrances not Monitored and Number of Other Roosts within 10km

  • If there are any Signs of Disturbance such as depredation, graffiti, flooding or collapsed walls or ceilings, add them in the Signs of Disturbance box

  • Fill in the final 3 boxes with any Special Roost Requirements, Species Present or Species present, but not counted

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Mobile Transect Acoustic Monitoring Survey

Survey Detail tab 

  • Note: Surveyor, Survey Location and Deployment Date must be filled in to proceed to other fields. Indicate when equipment was deployed into the field. This may occur before the recording Start Date

  • Route, Site/Cell, Start E/N, End E/N, Start Lat/Long, End Lat/Long: These fields will populate with information entered in other fields as needed. 
    • Each moile route within a site/cell must have a unique ID. For example: acoustic surveys for NABat generally include 1 mobile route within a site/cell. A suggested naming convention is to use (site/cell code_unique code) where unique code indicates a road transect (e.g., RD) Example: a mobile route in the site/cell named WICA_33842 would be WICA_33842_RD
  • Add any Other Surveyors who helped conduct the survey by choosing them from the drop-down list
    • To add another surveyor click on the arrow, scroll down and click on the appropriate surveyor's name
    • To add a new surveyor from this screen click on the and then add all of the necessary information to the new surveyor box; click Finished to save
    • To delete a surveyor from the box click on the next to their name

  • Check whether the survey was done this year or will be done next year, and add a reason why the survey was not able to be conducted this year, if it will be done next year

  • Detector: Choose the type of detector from the detector drop-down

  • Record the Recording Start and Stop Time using the 24 hr. clock format, e.g., 13:00

  • Choose a Species Group to be Analyzed using the drop-down
    • After you choose a species group you can click the View button and see which species are included in that group

  • Num Files Downloaded: Enter the number of files downloaded

  • Enter any Deployment Notes/Habitats Crossed/General Habitat Descriptions in the next box

  • Enter any Additional comments about the transect or conditions

  • Environmental Conditions:
    • Enter all relative Environmental Conditions from the survey
      • Remember to use the 24 hour clock format for times
      • There is a drop-down for the Moon phase
      • End and Start RH refers to the relative humidity at the end and start of the survey
      • Cloud Cover should be entered as a percentage 

    • Add any Significant Weather Notes in the box below

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Detection Details Tab

  • Enter the Date and Time Recording Started, and the Date and Time Recording Stopped

    • Date Recording Started: The date the logger was programmed to start recording
    • Time Recording Started: The time the logger was programmed to start recording
    • Date Recording Stopped: The date the logger was programmed to stop recording or the date it stopped due to some other condition
    • Time Recording Stopped: The time the logger was programmed to stop recording

  • Additional Device Details about the deployment that may be indicated in the provided fields, but are optional include: 

    • Enter all SD Card information for the different slots A-D, as well as the Expected End Date

    • Enter all other pertinent Camera, File, Microphone, Battery and Temperature information
    • Information will automatically SAVE! 


Detection Inputs Tab

Includes details about the analysis of the call files and allows for importation of batch-processed call file bat species detection data.

  • Show/Import Detections from Analyzer: click on the correct radio button for the type of analyzer you used, then click Import 
    • If the method you used is not listed, you may define your own column headings using the User Defined Template
    • After selecting the Import button, you will be directed to a software-specific spreadsheet template (staging table) with instructions to paste date from your spreadsheet into the staging table
      • Copy the needed information directly from the Excel spreadsheet used to collect data by clicking on the * in the top left corner
      • Ensure that the column order and names of the datasheet and your original spreadsheet file match before pasting
  • Software Settings: Fill in the Version, Classifier Package, Minimum Number of Pulses and Other Settings from the software used

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Survey Location Tab

  • Land Unit: Fill in the name of the land unit, e.g., Acadia National Park, Ouray National Wildlife Refuge, etc., or this may autofill from the location information

  • Unit Number, Gird Cell Design, Broad Habitat can all be chosen from the drop-downs or may populate from the location information already in the system

  • Grid Cell ID: Indicate which sample design was used to select the Site/Cell for sampling. See ? for more detail.

  • Grid Cell Priority: Indicate the sampling priority as defined by the Master Sample Design found in columns FID of the Master Sample Spreadsheet.

  • Organization: Will be populated by the Survey Location information

  • Site Owner: Will be populated by the Survey Location, if not, this is the ownership and/or agency responsible for surveying the Site/Cell. 
    • Note: In some cases (e.g., for large 10 km x 10 km grid cells used in the NABat program) there will be multiple owners within an area of interest. A responsible or coordinating agency may be most appropriately entered here. Precise ownership information at specific point locations or survey route origins can be entered in the corresponding fields.

  • Owner Private/Data Private: If you want the information entered for the owner or data to remain private, click the Owner Private or Data Private boxes

  • Upload Images:
    • You can upload images by double-clicking on the Upload Images box
    • Click Add to search for an image in your files
    • Navigate to the image in your pictures and double click on the image
    • The image title will now be shown in the box, click OK to upload the image to the Survey Location
    • The image should show in the Upload Images box

  • Add a Description or additional detail for the Site/Cell if desired. This may include access and permission information.

  • The Country, State, County and City/Town should be populated from the Survey Location data already entered

  • Route Name: Add the Route Name from above Route box

  • USGS Quad: optional

  • Distance: total distance of the route in km

  • You can add UTMZone, Easting, Northing, specific Map DatumLatitudeLongitude, in the next column

  • Road and Directions: For reference note the nearest road for accessing the location, and route directions

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Stationary Point Acoustic Monitoring Survey 

General Info Tab

  • Check whether the survey was done this year or will be done next year, and add a reason why the survey was not able to be conducted if it will be done next year

  • Choose a Species Group to be Analyzed using the drop-down
    • After you choose a species group you can click View to the right of the box and see which species are included in that group

  • Enter the model of the Bat Detector using the drop-down

  • Enter the Number of Files Downloaded and the number of Detectors Deployed

  • Check the box if a Mobile Transect was conducted

  • Add any Survey Comments, a General Description of the Deployment and Recovery Notes as needed
    • In order to record a recovery you must enter a Recovery Date in the header section and a Date Recording Stopped and time in the Time Recording Stopped section. The Species Group to be Analyzed must also be selected from the drop down menu of choices established by the user during List Maintenance. The species group should include all possible species that might occur in the geographic region of the study area and that have been “looked for” during call analysis.

  • Add Deployment and Recovery Contacts as needed using the drop-down list
    • To add another contact click on the arrow, scroll down and click on the appropriate contact's name
    • To add a new contact from this screen click on the "+" and then add all of the necessary information to the new surveyor box; click Finished to save
    • To delete a surveyor from the box click on the next to their name 

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Device Detail Tab

To start a deployment you must complete the required fields 

  • Date Recording Started: date the logger was programmed to start recording
  • Time Recording Started: time the logger was programmed to start recording
  • Date Recording Stopped: date the logger stopped recording as programmed or due to equipment or battery failure
  • Time Recording Stopped: time the logger stopped recording

  • Additional Device Details about the deployment that may be indicated in the provided fields, but are optional include: 
    • Enter all SD Card information for the different slots A-D, as well as the Expected End Date

    • Enter all other pertinent Camera, File, Microphone, Battery and Temperature information
    • Information will automatically SAVE!

Conditions Detail Tab

  • Environmental Conditions at Time of Deployment and Recovery: Enter as many environmental conditions as you can here 

  • Enter Nightly High/Low Temperatures for each night during the deployment

  • Enter the date and type of Significant Weather Events if any occurred during the deployment/survey 

Detection Inputs Tab 

Includes details about the analysis of the call files and allows for importation of batch-processed call file bat species detection data.

  • Show/Import Detections from Analyzer: 
    • Click on the correct radio button for the type of analyzer you used, then click Import
    • If the method you used is not listed, you may define your own column headings using the User Defined Template
    • After selecting the Import tab, you will be directed to a software-specific spreadsheet template (staging table) with instructions to paste date from your spreadsheet into the staging table
      • Copy the needed information directly from the Excel spreadsheet used to collect data by clicking on the * in the top left corner
      • Ensure that the column order and names of the datasheet and your original spreadsheet file match before pasting

  • Software Settings: Fill in the Version, Classifier Package, Minimum Number of Pulses and Other Settings from the Software used to analyze the call files. 
    • The Analysis Contact person is the person that did the analysis of the call files (manual and/or auto-classification)
    • More contacts can be added to the list during the List Maintenance step
    • After selecting the Import tab, you will be directed to a software-specific spreadsheet template (staging table) with instructions to paste date from your spreadsheet into the staging table. 
    • Select the records in the original spreadsheet file to transfer. Be careful when highlighting to make sure you are not missing columns or the copy/paste function will fail. Records can be deleted after pasting.
    • After pasting the data, you will see a standard reminder message telling you that you won't be able to undo the paste operation. Click Yes, remember rows can always be deleted from the input screen later.

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Survey Location Tab

  • Land Unit: Fill in the name of the land unit, e.g., Acadia National Park, Ouray National Wildlife Refuge, etc., or this may fill from the Sample Location above automatically

  • Unit Number, Gird Cell Design, Broad Habitat can all be chosen from the drop-downs or may populate from the location information already in the system

  • Grid Cell ID: Indicate which sample design was used to select the Site/Cell for sampling. See "?" for more detail.

  • Grid Cell Priority: Indicate the sampling priority as defined by the Master Sample Design found in columns FID of the Master Sample Spreadsheet.

  • Organization: Will be populated by the Survey Location information

  • Site Owner: Will be populated by the Survey Location

  • Owner Private/Data Private: If you want the information entered for the owner or data to remain private, click the Owner Private or Data Private boxes

  • Upload Images:
    • You can upload images by double-clicking on the Upload Images box
    • Click Add to search for an image in your files
    • Navigate to the image in your pictures and double click on the image
    • The image title will now be shown in the box, click OK to upload the image to the Survey Location
    • The image should show in the Upload Images box

  • Add a Description of the location in the description box if needed

  • The Country, State, County and City/Town should be populated from the Survey Location data already entered

  • Point Location Name: Add the Point Location Name from above

  • USGS Quad: is an optional field, add if known

  • Feature Sampled: list any habitat feature that is likely to have congregating bats such as a pond in a dry habitat

  • Waterbody Type: use the drop-down to note any waterbody type near the location

  • Access Road: for reference note the nearest road for accessing the location

  • Parking: for reference of where to park to access the location

  • Site Marker: Note if there is a site marker and what it looks like

  • Location: Use the drop-down to note the location

  • You can add UTMZone, Easting, Northing, specific Map DatumLatitudeLongitudein the next column as needed 

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Survey Logs Tab

The Survey Logs tab is where all of the previous survey logs are stored and can be accessed. 

  • Use the drop-down arrow in the Select a Survey Type box to choose which survey logs you would like to view.
  • Next, click on the "Open" button to the right of the survey you would like to see, the survey will open and you can then edit or view it 

List Setup Tab

You can set up the various lists for the surveys from the List Setup tab.

  • Click on a list from the Select a Maintenance List 
  • The list will appear to the right of the Select a Maintenance List box, along with a blank space for the last line of the list

  • To add another option to the list, type the new list item into the list

  • To delete an item from the list, click on the X to the right of the list
    • When the warning box pops up telling you that you are about to delete 1 record, click yes if you are sure or no to change your mind and not delete the item
    • If you try to delete an item that has been used in a table, you will get a warning box that says, "The record cannot be deleted or changed because table 'tblPointLocation' includes related records" - you will not be able to delete records that have been used to record data

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Site Details Tab

The Site Details Tab is where all of the details for each survey site are stored. These details include: Land Unit, Unit Number, Grid Cell Design and Grid Cell ID, Grid Cell Priority, Organization, Broad Habitat, Site Owner, whether the data and owner are kept private, an image or images of the site, and a description of the site. Country, State, County and City/Town are also in the record. All surveys done at this site will have a record shown at the bottom of this page.

  • To view details of a particular site, click on the name of the site in the Select a Site column on the left

  • To add a new site, scroll to the bottom of the list and type in the name of the new site in the blank field
    • A page with blank fields will appear to the right
    • Fill in all fields needed for the new site
    • Information will automatically SAVE!  

Surveyors Tab

On the Surveyors tab you will see all of the Surveyor Contact Information for each surveyor who participates in the surveys. This is where you can edit any surveyor contact information. 

  • To delete a surveyor, click on the X to the right of their name
    • When the warning box pops up telling you that you are about to delete 1 record, click yes if you are sure or no to change your mind and not delete the item
    • If you try to delete a surveyor that has done a survey, you will get a warning box that says, "The record cannot be deleted or changed because table 'tblPointLocation' includes related records" - you will not be able to delete surveyors that have been used in surveys

  • To add a new Contact/Surveyor fill out the First Name, Last Name and Organization fields in the bottom row
    • When the fields are complete, the Contact Edit form will allow more details to be entered  

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Datasheets Tab

The Datasheets tab is where you can download survey datasheets. 

  • In the Select a Survey box, use the drop-down to select the survey you want to download

  • Click the Preview button on the right to see the survey before downloading it
    • To close the Print Preview page, click on the red Close Print Preview button at the top right of the page, or the NABat Home tab at the top left of the survey page

  • Click the Download button on the right to download the survey
    • An Output To box will appear
    • Click on the output format you want the survey to download in
    • Click OK
    • Choose where you want the survey to download to by clicking on the location in your computer, open the location and click OK
      • You can change the name given to the survey file before clicking OK to whatever you want to call it
    • The survey will be saved in the location and format that you selected

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Species Codes

Use when labeling acoustic files to the database

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