Confluence Retirement

Due to the feedback from stakeholders and our commitment to not adversely impact USGS science activities that Confluence supports, we are extending the migration deadline to January 2023.

In an effort to consolidate USGS hosted Wikis, myUSGS’ Confluence service is targeted for retirement. The official USGS Wiki and collaboration space is now SharePoint. Please migrate existing spaces and content to the SharePoint platform and remove it from Confluence at your earliest convenience. If you need any additional information or have any concerns about this change, please contact Thank you for your prompt attention to this matter.
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Comment: Added info on City Hall / Town Hall


titlePost Office

Message Box
titleThe Guidelines define Post Office as follows:

An official facility of the U.S. Postal Service used for processing and distributing mail and other postal material.

  • INDICATORS: Official logo of U.S. Post Office.

INCLUDES: USPS official post offices, post office stations, branch post offices, community post offices (CPOs), village post offices (VPOs), postal annexes with a public post office, remotely managed post offices (RMPOs), and part time post offices (PTPOs).

DOES NOT INCLUDE: Mail drop off locations (blue US Mail box), carrier annexes with no public hours, or contract postal units (CPUs, which are often in commercial establishments) that do not have their own zip code.

What is a Post Office? 

There are quite a few types of Location Types you can choose from, but the USGS guidelines stipulate that only official USPS facilities should be included in the National Structures dataset: this translates to the Post office, Village Post office, and Contract Postal Units location types. To do a search for these three types, select “Post Offices and Approved Postal Providers” from the Location Types list and then click on the Refine search link, and then make sure that only Post Offices, Village Post offices, and Contract Postal Units are checked.

This restricted definition means that many locations that sell stamps or have only automated postal centers or only participate in the PO Box Online program, such as markets, banks, and office and mailing supply stores, do not qualify as Post Offices for the National Structures dataset.

Naming Post Offices: 
The guidelines stipulate that the correct way to name a post office is: <name> Post Office, for example “Pueblo Post Office”. Also, to naming the Contract Postal Unit, the correct way is: Name+Contract Postal Unit or Name+CPU. The name is the name that is shown in the USPS website. Occasionally, you will see a Post Office on the USPS website that has a name like “Westminster (Harris Park)”; in this case, name the post office as: "Westminster Post Office Harris Park Station”. .

Editing/Reviewing Post Offices for a city or county

You might want to review all of the Post Offices for a city or county. To do this, go to the USPS Find Locations web page; restrict the search to Post Offices and Village Post Offices, and Contract Postal Units; type in the city of interest; and select a reasonable search radius. Then go through all of the locations and make sure they are in the Structures database. If you are working on a county, then successively type in the names of various cities in that county with a reasonable search radius for each so that when each of your search results are combined you get complete results for the whole county. NOTE: there is a USPS web page for searching for Post Offices within a county, but this search uses an out-of-date-database, so it is recommended not to rely on this county search.

titleCity Hall / Town Hall

Message Box
titleThe Guidelines define a City Hall / Town Hall as follows:

A building or building complex that serves as the primary location for a local or municipal government's administrative functions.

INCLUDES: City Halls, Town Halls, Village Halls, Municipal Buildings, Municipal Centers, and City Buildings.

DOES NOT INCLUDE: County, state or federal level administration buildings, historical buildings that are no longer used for government administration.

What is a City Hall / Town Hall? 

A City Hall or Town Hall is the primary administrative building of a township or municipal government.  This may include buildings called City Hall, Town Hall, Village Hall, Municipal Building, Municipal Center, City Building or other name variations. City and Town halls are usually associated with Incorporated Places in the U.S.  Incorporated places are a legally defined entity and may be called city, borough, town, village (depends on the state). There are over 19,000 incorporated places in the U.S. as per the Census Bureau's Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS). There are no incorporated places in Hawaii or Puerto Rico.

Characteristics of a City Hall / Town Hall may include the building being open to the public, the city or town mayor and council operating out of that building, as well as assorted departments and employees of local governments.  

Please note that this feature class does not include county, state or federal level administration buildings.

Where can I find authoritative lists of City Hall / Town Hall structures?

There are no authoritative lists of City Hall / Town Hall structures.  The best way to confirm a City Hall / Town Hall feature point is to research the official website of the city or township.  

The closest thing to a national list may be a list of cities and townships on, however these only include a small portion of the country’s cities and townships.  When using lists like these, it is important that users verify each City Hall / Town Hall with an authoritative source.

Where do I place a City Hall / Town Hall structure point?

Most municipalities or townships have one central building.  If this is the case, place the point at the center of the building.

Some municipalities may have a municipal “campus” of buildings with administrative offices; others may have individual buildings that are geographically distributed throughout the city.  It is important to note that we are not collecting the location of individual city departments.  We are only collecting the  primary city/town hall; typically the building that houses the city council and/or mayor’s office. Place the point at the center of this building.

How do I name a City Hall / Town Hall?

Similar to courthouses, try to determine the name of the building when editing City Hall / Town Hall structures.  Contact information on government websites usually includes the building name with the address.  Examples include Denver’s City Council located in the City and County Building, or Cedar Rapids’s Manager’s Office in the City Hall:

Cedar Rapids's Manager's Office in City HallImage Added

Denver's City Council in the City and County BuildingImage Added