Confluence Retirement

In an effort to consolidate USGS hosted Wikis, myUSGS’ Confluence service is scheduled for retirement on January 27th, 2023. The official USGS Wiki and collaboration space is now SharePoint. Please migrate existing spaces and content to the SharePoint platform and remove it from Confluence at your earliest convenience. If you need any additional information or have any concerns about this change, please contact Thank you for your prompt attention to this matter.

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Python-Pandas is an open source, BSD-licensed library providing high-performance, easy-to-use data structures and data analysis tools for the Python programming language. While it is not quite as a rich as R in terms of statistics, it's really getting there. One major benefit is that its data structures are python-native. This means that if you exploit a lot of the python specific functionality to clean up your data, you will not have to transform it for use in R. In some cases, this ca be a substantial bottleneck. There's a pretty decent tutorial video (~30 minutes), a class video (~3 hours), and a "tour" video (~10 minutes), among many others.


Python, an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented, extensible programming language, supported on numerous computing platforms. In addition to being relatively easy to use and good for numerical analysis and web programming, it is the de facto scripting language for our corporate GIS platform, ArcGIS.