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titleHospital / Medical Center
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titleThe Guidelines define Hospital / Medical Center as follows:
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A building or building complex providing general medical or surgical inpatient care.

INCLUDES: General hospitals, specialty hospitals (such as children's', cancer, maternity, substance abuse, psychiatric, and rehabilitation hospitals), Veterans Administration hospitals

DOES NOT INCLUDE: Psychiatric or behavioral facilities that are not hospitals, long‐term care medical centers or nursing homes, walk-in centers or outpatient clinics, imaging centers, medical doctors offices, rehabilitation centers



What is a Hospital/Medical Center? 

A Hospital/Medical Center is a facility which provides inpatient care. In general, these are regulated by State Departments of Health as 
State Licensed and Medicare Certified Hospitals; common hospital types are critical access, general, long-term care, psychiatric and rehabilitation.

Where can I find authoritative lists of Hospital/Medical Centers? 

The US Department of Veterans Affairs maintains an authoritative list of their facilities. Only VA Health Care System and VA Medical Centers should be included.

Refer to the State Data Sources pages on this website for authoritative lists of hospitals in a given State, which are regulated by the State Departments of Health. There are many types of medical facilities, but only those that are listed as Hospitals should be included.

Where should I place a Hospital/Medical Center facility structure point? 

Hospital locations should be placed at the center of the primary building in the medical complex.

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titleAmbulance Services
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titleThe Guidelines define Ambulance Services as follows:
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A building providing a service to transport emergency patients and administer emergency medical treatment.

INCLUDES: Air ambulance, ground ambulance, ambulances not operated by fire department but co-housed at a fire station, rescue vehicles not associated with fire department

DOES NOT INCLUDE: Ambulance services operated by and housed in a fire station, ambulances for transportation only (not providing medical care), special needs transports, ambulances operated by hospitals/medical centers, ambulance dispatch centers



What is an Ambulance Service? 

An ambulance service facility is a building that houses a service to transport emergency patients and administer emergency medical treatment but does not include ambulances operated by fire departments.

It is common for non-profit ambulance services to operate out of fire department stations and to be considered as part of the fire department operations -- these facilities are not included as ambulance service facilities (only as Fire Department facilities); generally you can refer to the fire department website to determine the relationship between the two entities. However, non-profit ambulance services may also operate out of their own facilities seperate from fire departments -- these are included as ambulance service facilities.

For-profit ambulance services generally have their own facilities, which should be captured as ambulance service structure points.


Where can I find authoritative lists of Ambulance Services? 

Refer to the State Data Sources pages on this website for state and local lists of ambulance services. Ambulance services generally are licensed by counties, so you may find lists at county websites. State Health Departments also may maintain lists of Ambulance Services.


Do we include air ambulance (helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft) locations as Ambulance Service locations? 

Air ambulances are included as Ambulance Service locations; however it may be difficult to determine where helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft are stationed. Most hospitals have helipads, but these are not home stations for air ambulances. The home stations for air ambulances generally are at airports. State Health Departments may maintain lists of air ambulance services operated within their State.