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Comment: Updating definitions


titlePrison / Correctional Facility

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titleThe Guidelines define Prison / Correctional Facility as follows:

A building or complex for the confinement of persons convicted of crimes.

  • INDICATORS: medium and maximum security facilities; long-term facilities.

INCLUDES: State or federal prisons, long-term juvenile detention facilities. Jails included only ifonly if they have long-term sentences and are a medium or maximum security facility.

DOES NOT INCLUDE: Short‐term holding facilities such as a jail at a police station or court house, sheriff’s department or sheriff’s office, half-way houses, minimum security locations, prison camps or work sites, administrative offices.

What is a Prison / Correctional Facility? 
A Prison / Correctional Facility consists of federal and state prisons and juvenile detention facilities. It is important to note that city and county jails are not includedCheck out this Q&A for how to handle county jails.

Where can I find authoritative lists of Prison / Correctional Facilities? 

The Federal Bureau of Prisons website provides an authoritative list of Federal federal prison facilities may be found at the Federal Bureau of Prisons website. Only . Only Institutions, Private Facilities, and Correctional Complexes should be included -- not offices or training centers.

Refer to the State Data Sources pages on this website to find information about data sources for State prisons; in general, each State has a Department of Corrections website which lists websites also list private and public prisons in that Stateeach state.

Check out our Authoritative Sources List for more on the types of sources that are acceptable.

Where do I place a Prison / Correctional Facility structure point? 
If a prison has a single large building, place the point at the center of the building. If the prison does not have a distinctive single building, then place the point at the center of the prison facility.

If a prison complex has more than one named facility, each with its own separate own separate grounds or building, then place a prison point for on each facility. For example, the the Florence Federal Correction Correctional Complex has has three facilities (Florence Federal Correctional Institution, Florence High Security United States Penitentiary, and Florence Administrative Maximum United States Penitentiary), and therefore should have be represented by three structure points. It may be difficult to determine from aerial imagery which facility is which, but you may be able to tell from Google Street View™ View™, from an on-line online facility map, or , for federal prisons, by examining the a photo of the prison entrance on its webpage (if it exists on the prison webpage) and comparing this to the building footprint in the satellite image. If it cannot be determined which facility is which, then place all facility points adjacent to each other near the centroid of the entire facility.

For more information on how to identify a Prison / Correctional Facility, check out the “Aerial Photo Interpretation Part 4: Prisons / Correctional Facilities” article in our March 2018 Newsletter.

How do I name a Prison/Correctional Facility? 
Use the name of the facility as it appears on the facility website. For Federal federal prisons, the website uses several formats for names, but use the most commonly-used format where the prison name comes last , for example, is preferred (e.g., United States Penitentiary Penitentiary Florence High).

titleHospital / Medical Center

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titleThe Guidelines define Hospital / Medical Center as follows:

A building or building complex providing general medical or surgical inpatient care.

  • INDICATORS: Inpatient (overnight) services.

INCLUDES: General hospitals, specialty hospitals (such as children's, cancer, maternity, substance abuse, psychiatric, and rehabilitation hospitals), Veterans Administration hospitals, infirmaries offering inpatient services.

DOES NOT INCLUDE: Psychiatric or behavioral facilities that are not hospitals, long‐term care medical centers or nursing homes, walk-in centers or outpatient clinics, imaging centers, medical doctors' offices, rehabilitation centers.

What is a Hospital/Medical Center? 

A Hospital/Medical Center is a facility which provides inpatient care. In general, these are regulated by State Departments of Health as 
State Licensed and Medicare Certified Hospitals; common hospital types are critical access, general, long-term care, psychiatric and rehabilitation.

Where can I find authoritative lists of Hospital/Medical Centers? 

The US Department of Veterans Affairs maintains an authoritative list of their facilities. Only VA Health Care System and VA Medical Centers should be included.

Refer to the State Data Sources pages on this website for authoritative lists of hospitals in a given State, which are regulated by the State Departments of Health. There are many types of medical facilities, but only those that are listed as Hospitals should be included.

Where should I place a Hospital/Medical Center facility structure point? 

Hospital locations should be placed at the center of the primary building in the medical complex.