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titlePrison / Correctional Facility


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titleThe Guidelines define Prison / Correctional Facility as follows:
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A building or complex for the confinement of persons convicted of crimes.

  • INDICATORS: medium and maximum security facilities; long-term facilities.

INCLUDES: State or federal prisons, long-term juvenile detention facilities. Jails included only if they have long-term sentences and are a medium or maximum security facility.

DOES NOT INCLUDE: Short‐term holding facilities such as a jail at a police station or court house, sheriff’s department or sheriff’s office, half-way houses, minimum security locations, prison camps or work sites, administrative offices.


What is a Prison / Correctional Facility? 
A Prison / Correctional Facility consists of federal and state prisons and juvenile detention facilities. It is important to note that city and county jails are not includedCheck out this Q&A for how to handle county jails.

Where can I find authoritative lists of Prison / Correctional Facilities? 

The Federal Bureau of Prisons website provides an authoritative list of federal prison facilities. Only Institutions, Private Facilities, and Correctional Complexes should be included -- not offices or training centers.

State Department of Corrections websites also list private and public prisons in each state.

Check out our Authoritative Sources List for more on the types of sources that are acceptable.

Where do I place a Prison / Correctional Facility structure point? 
If a prison has a single large building, place the point at the center of the building. If the prison does not have a distinctive single building, then place the point at the center of the prison facility.

If a prison complex has more than one named facility, each with its own separate grounds or building, then place a prison point on each facility. For example, the Florence Federal Correctional Complex has three facilities (Florence Federal Correctional Institution, Florence High Security United States Penitentiary, and Florence Administrative Maximum United States Penitentiary), and therefore should be represented by three structure points. It may be difficult to determine from aerial imagery which facility is which, but you may be able to tell from Google Street View™, from an online facility map, or by examining a photo of the prison entrance (if it exists on the prison webpage) and comparing this to the building footprint in the satellite image. If it cannot be determined which facility is which, then place all facility points adjacent to each other near the centroid of the entire facility.

For more information on how to identify a Prison / Correctional Facility, check out the “Aerial Photo Interpretation Part 4: Prisons / Correctional Facilities” article in our March 2018 Newsletter.

How do I name a Prison/Correctional Facility? 
Use the name of the facility as it appears on the facility website. For federal prisons, the website uses several formats for names, but the format where the prison name comes last is preferred (e.g., United States Penitentiary Florence High).


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titleHospital / Medical Center


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titleThe Guidelines define Hospital / Medical Center as follows:
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A building or building complex providing general medical or surgical inpatient care.

  • INDICATORS: Inpatient (overnight) services.

INCLUDES: General hospitals, specialty hospitals (such as children's, cancer, maternity, substance abuse, psychiatric, and rehabilitation hospitals), Veterans Administration hospitals, infirmaries offering inpatient services.

DOES NOT INCLUDE: Psychiatric or behavioral facilities that are not hospitalsonly provide outpatient services, long‐term care medical centers or nursing homes, walk-in centers or outpatient clinics, imaging centers, medical doctors' offices, rehabilitation centers.



What is a Hospital / Medical Center?

 


A Hospital / Medical Center is a facility which provides inpatient (overnight) care. In general, these are regulated by

State Departments of Health as 
State Licensed and Medicare Certified Hospitals; common hospital types are

state health departments as licensed hospitals.  Common hospital types include critical access, general, long-term care, psychiatric and rehabilitation hospitals.


Where can I find authoritative lists of Hospital / Medical Centers? 
Refer to state health departments for authoritative lists of hospitals in a given state. There are many types of medical facilities, but only those that are listed as hospitals should be included.

The US Department of Veterans Affairs also maintains an an authoritative list of their facilities. Only VA Health Care System and VA Medical Centers should be included.
Refer to the State Data Sources pages on this website for authoritative lists of hospitals in a given State, which are regulated by the State Departments of Health. There are many types of medical facilities, but only those that are listed as Hospitals should be includedOutpatient VA facilities are not included.

A hospital’s individual website is still the best place to find authoritative and current information on a Hospital / Medical Center. Therefore, it is recommended that users confirm the information on these lists by locating the website for each hospital listed.

Check out our Authoritative Sources List for more on the types of sources that are acceptable.

Where should I place a Hospital / Medical Center facility structure point? 
Hospital locations
Some hospitals have only one building, in which case the point should be placed at the center of the primary building in the medical complex.this building. Larger hospitals may either have a larger complex building, or consist of several individual buildings on a medical campus. If a hospital has multiple buildings as part of the same campus, place the point at the center of the campus.

For more information on how to identify a Hospital / Medical Center facility, check out the “Aerial Photo Interpretation Part 5: Hospitals” article in our May 2018 Newsletter.


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titleAmbulance Services


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titleThe Guidelines define Ambulance Services as follows:
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A building used to house ambulances and from which medically-trained staff are dispatched to transport emergency patients and administer emergency medical treatment (en route or at the scene).

INCLUDES: Air ambulance, ground ambulance, ambulances not operated by fire departments but co-housed at a fire station, rescue vehicles not associated with fire departments.

DOES NOT INCLUDE: Ambulance services operated by and housed in a fire station, ambulances for transportation only (not providing medical care), special needs transports, ambulances operated by hospitals/medical centers, ambulance dispatch centers, urgent care centers, freestanding emergency facilities.



What is an Ambulance Service? 

An ambulance service facility is a building that houses a service to transport emergency patients and administer emergency medical treatment but does not include ambulances operated by fire departments.

It is common for non-profit ambulance services to operate out of fire department stations and to be considered as part of the fire department operations -- these facilities are not included as ambulance service facilities (only as Fire Department facilities); generally you can refer to the fire department website to determine the relationship between the two entities. However, non-profit ambulance services may also operate out of their own facilities seperate from fire departments -- these are included as ambulance service facilities.

For-profit ambulance services generally have their own facilities, which should be captured as ambulance service structure points.


Where can I find authoritative lists of Ambulance Services? 

Refer to the State Data Sources pages on this website for state and local lists of ambulance services. Ambulance services generally are licensed by counties, so you may find lists at county websites. State Health Departments also may maintain lists of Ambulance Services.


Do we include air ambulance (helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft) locations as Ambulance Service locations? 

Air ambulances are included as Ambulance Service locations; however it may be difficult to determine where helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft are stationed. Most hospitals have helipads, but these are not home stations for air ambulances. The home stations for air ambulances generally are at airports. State Health Departments may maintain lists of air ambulance services operated within their State.

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