The Threatened and Endangered Species System (TESS) comprises 8 modules that manage and track data related to endangered species work in 8 functional areas. Modules include the Candidate Information and Assessment, Conservation Plans, Critical Habitat, Listed Species Expenditures, Federal Register, Grants, Recovery Planning, and Species Information. TESS offers a wide variety of preset and ad hoc reports, and performance data in many of the modules is automatically captured by ECOS’ performance reporting system.
TESS' Species module allows users to add new species, or new population segments for existing species, to the TESS Database. You can also view and edit species-level and some regulatory data.
TESS makes a couple internally generated keys publicly available: SPCODE and VIPCODE (get a public report). These codes are part random, part deliberate.
If you take the example of a SPCODE=B08C and a VIPCODE=V01, the image below decodes what each portion of the codes means:
The species group to letter association is as follows:
|SPCODE First Letter||Species Group|
|M||Flatworms and Roundworms|
|R||Conifers and Cycads|
|S||Ferns and Allies|
|W||Cyanobacteria and Bacteria|
Any FWS user within ECOS automatically has access to the Species module in TESS. Permissions are based on the FWS office the user is registered under in their ECOS profile. We determine if a user's office is in a field, regional, or headquarters office and grant permissions based on that. Those permissions look something like this:
|Status Code||Status Text||Status Abbreviation||Status Description|
|AD||Proposed Delisting||Proposed Delisting|
|AE||Proposed Reclassification to Endangered||Proposed Reclassification to Endangered|
|AT||Proposed Reclassification to Threatened||Proposed Reclassification to Threatened|
|C||Candidate||Candidate||C = candidate. A species under consideration for official listing for which there is sufficient information to support listing.|
|C2||Heritage Program Taxon of Concern, FWS NOR Taxon before 1996||Heritage Program Taxon of Concern|
|D3A||Extinction||Extinction||Delisted - Species that has been removed from the list due to recovery, original data in error, or extinction|
|DA||Original Data in Error - Act Amendment||Original Data in Error - Act Amendment||Delisted - Species that has been removed from the list due to recovery, original data in error, or extinction|
|DM||Recovery||Recovery||Delisted - Species that has been removed from the list due to recovery, original data in error, or extinction|
|DO||Original Data in Error - Erroneous Data||Original Data in Error - Erroneous Data|
|DP||Original Data in Error - New Information Discovered||Original Data in Error - New Information Discovered|
|DR||Original Data in Error - Taxonomic Revision||Original Data in Error - Taxonomic Revision|
|E||Endangered||Endangered||E = endangered. A species "in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range."|
|EXPE||Experimental Population, Essential||Experimental Population, Essential||EXPE, XE = experimental essential population. A species listed as experimental and essential.|
|EXPN||Experimental Population, Non-Essential||Experimental Population, Non-Essential||EXPN, XN = experimental non-essential population. A species listed as experimental and non-essential. Experimental, nonessential populations of endangered species (e.g., red wolf) are treated as threatened species on public land, for consultation purposes, and as species proposed for listing on private land.|
|EmE||Emergency Listing, Endangered||Emergency Listing, Endangered||Emergency Endangered - A temporary (240 days) listing for emergency purposes when species is at significant, immediate risk|
|EmT||Emergency Listing, Threatened||Emergency Listing, Threatened|
|PE||Proposed Endangered||Proposed Endangered||PE = proposed endangered. Species proposed for official listing as endangered.|
|PEXPE||Proposed Experimental Population, Essential||Proposed Experimental Population, Essential||PEXPE, PXE = proposed experimental population, essential. Species proposed for official listing as experimental and essential.|
|PEXPN||Proposed Experimental Population, Non-Essential||Proposed Experimental Population, Non-Essential||PEXPN, PXN = proposed experimental population, non-essential. Species proposed for official listing as experimental and non-essential.|
|PSAE||Proposed Similarity of Appearance to an Endangered Taxon||Similarity of Appearance (Endangered)||PSAE, PE (S/A) = proposed endangered, due to similarity of appearance. Species proposed for official listing as endangered due to similarity of appearance with another listed species.|
|PSAT||Proposed Similarity of Appearance to a Threatened Taxon||Similarity of Appearance (Threatened)||PSAT, PT (S/A) = proposed threatened, due to similarity of appearance. Species proposed for official listing as threatened due to similarity of appearance with another listed species.|
|PT||Proposed Threatened||Proposed Threatened||PT = proposed threatened. Species proposed for official listing as threatened.|
|RT||Resolved Taxon||Resolved Taxon||Resolved Taxon (RT) - Species that have been petitioned for listing and for which a Not Warranted 12 month finding or Not Substantial 90-day finding has been published in the Federal Register. Also includes species that have been removed from the candidate list.|
|SAE||Similarity of Appearance to an Endangered Taxon||Similarity of Appearance (Endangered)||SAE, E(S/A) = endangered due to similarity of appearance. A species that is endangered due to similarity of appearance with another listed species and is listed for its protection. Species listed as E(S/A) are not biologically endangered or threatened and are not subject to Section 7 consultation.|
|SAT||Similarity of Appearance to a Threatened Taxon||Similarity of Appearance (Threatened)||SAT, T(S/A) = threatened due to similarity of appearance. A species that is threatened due to similarity of appearance with another listed species and is listed for its protection. Species listed as T(S/A) are not biologically endangered or threatened and are not subject to Section 7 consultation.|
|SC||Species of Concern||Species of Concern||Species of Concern (SC) - Species that have not been petitioned or been given E, T, or C status but have been identified as important to monitor|
|SU||Status Undefined||Status Undefined|
|T||Threatened||Threatened||T = threatened. A species "likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range."|
|UR||Under Review in the Candidate or Petition Process||Under Review||Under Review (UR) - Species that have been petitioned for listing and for which a 90 day finding has not been published or for which a 90 day substantial has been published but a 12 Month finding have not yet been published in the Federal Register. Also includes species that are being reviewed through the candidate process, but the CNOR has not yet been signed|
|Unlist||Pre-Act Delisting (or clearance--removal from the Lists)||Pre-Act Delisted Taxon|
|D3C||Delist, Other||Delist, Other|
|DNS||Original Data in Error - Not a listable entity||Original Data in Error - Not a listable entity|
Users can submit species name changes via the Species module interface by following the instructions below. Please note that you will not be able to edit species names that fall out of your permission scheme as described above. IMPORTANT! Listed species names MUST match the CFR. Please check the name there before submitting a name change to ECOS.
After a user or a species data manager adds a new species, the Help Desk is notified to run through a series of checks. That procedure is documented here (How to: Add a new species)
Users have the ability to update the following information on the Regulatory Information page for those species they have permissions to edit:
To access this information, do the following:
There are a number of important business rules you should consider when making updates to this page:
Users have the ability to perform light customization on the public species profile pages for which they have permissions to edit. Customizeable options are:
To access this information, do the following:
IMPORTANT NOTE: There might be a slight delay in changes due to our replication process. If you don't see your changes on the public page within an hour, please contact the Help Desk at 970-266-2999.
This report provides a powerful mechanism for Recovery related summary information that historically was tracked/evaluated as part of the Recovery Data Call (RDC). While that data call is no longer being conducted, this report provides access to the legacy information that was collected, plus new data that supports the Recovery Report to Congress (RRC). This is a secure report and users will need to login to ECOS to access the information.
Adding a species image to the Species Information module in TESS will make it available for display in the Internal Species Profile, EPM, and on the Public Species Profile. Special guidelines before you get started:
To upload an image, please follow these steps:
That's it! As long as the document is active, the image will show up in the following places: Internal Species Profile, EPM, and Public Species Profile.
To be filled in.
Please see the user guide located here: Species List Delivery via IPaC
Historical range is currently displayed on the map in the internal species profile, available as a downloadable shapefile in the secure species module, and will be (July 2017) shown on the public species profiles as a comma separated list of states and counties (where applicable). Currently, historical range is entered into ECOS based on the best available information. At this time, ECOS users are not expected to update historical range information after the listing, except in limited circumstances.
To make edits to the historical range, follow these steps:
Current basic allocation formulas for the Endangered Species Program were first described in FY 2000 (January 11, 2000, memo from the Director, “Fiscal Year 2000 Allocations (BAS Report 2000-2)” and December 15, 1999, attachment “Ecological Services’ Allocation Methodology”). The attachment explained the concept of budget weighting factors (then called “complexity factors”), which were designed to reflect the different levels of funding or effort required to conserve and recover species. These weighting factors are still used to determine adjustments in allocations for candidate conservation, section 7 consultation/HCP and recovery funding to distribute costs and/or increases and decreases to meet the current year’s appropriation amount identified in the Enacted legislation.
A point score is calculated for each listed, proposed, and candidate species by using the following weighting factors:
Each Region is responsible for determining the initial score for each of their species and for verifying that each score is correct as part of the end-of-year reporting process. As part of the end of year reporting, Regions are asked to review the species weights and provide the Washington Office with any changes that are necessary, along with documentation as to why the change is required.
Points will be totaled by each Region and the relative percentage of points per Region used to spread of the $2 million HCP Implementation and Monitoring Fund.
A sunset provision will apply based on the permit/HCP duration. When the Service's implementation and monitoring responsibilities expire for an HCP, so does the funding.
The WO worked with the Regions to develop criteria for this activity and funds will be allocated on a competitive basis.
Funding will be spread based on the percentage of weighted species points for each listed species occurring in a region.
To be filled in.
A species that spends all or a large majority of its life in water or lays its eggs in water. Fish and amphibians are considered aquatic. mammals such as otters and reptiles such as water snakes are considered aquatic. Wading birds and shore birds are not considered aquatic. The intent is to measure the general difficulty in conserving species whose habitat quality is highly dependent on factors such as water quality, flow regime, and the overall health of an entire watershed.
The habitat area that is currently occupied or currently suitable, including all designated critical habitat. Occupied habitat area is the current geographic range of the species. Suitable habitat area is the habitat area that is outside the current range occupied by the species, but is necessary for the recovery of the species. If a recovery goal has not been established for the species, the acreage can be estimated using recovery goals for similar species and/or best professional judgement. The intent is to measure the generally greater difficulty in conserving wide-ranging species as opposed to narrow endemics.
While TESS doesn't have a module specific to Critical Habitat, we do have a national report and mapper where we display the spatial representations of the information. To learn more about how to submit both proposed and final Critical Habitat to ECOS, please see our help page dedicated to that process.
The following information is required for the Service’s Threatened and Endangered Species System (TESS) Grants Data Call (GDC). This information is the basis for the Service’s annual reporting under the Government Performance Results Act (GPRA), annual performance measures, program summary information for budget drills, and other purposes.
The Grants Data Call form is located within TESS. Log in to the Service’s secure ECOS (Environmental Conservation Online System) site at https://ecos.fws.gov. (Be sure to include the “s” in “https”.)
From the ECOS Login page, you can enter your username (FWS email) and password (FWS Active Directory password). This is the same information you use to log into your computer.
Figure 1: Logging into ECOS
When you log in to ECOS, click on TESS, displayed on the upper left hand portion of the main menu. Once you enter TESS, click on Grants (the second option under the Modules menu on the left-hand side). If you can not access the Grants module, you may go directly to https://ecos.fws.gov/tess/grants/grant.action.
Figure 2: Accessing the Grants module
The screen will look like this once you access the Grants module:
Figure 3: Grants Module main screen
To enter this information, go to the Grants main menu (see above), and click on “Add a new grant record”. Once you click on the link to take you to the next entry page, it should look similar to the screen below. Regions will need to enter the following information for each traditional Section 6 grant for awarded for that Fiscal Year in their region (see below):
Once this information is entered, hit “Save”.
Figure 4: Traditional Section 6 Grants
After the basic award information has been entered and saved, the Grant Summary page will be displayed. To enter the benefited species, click the “Edit” button on the Grant Summary page.
Figure 5: Grant Summary Page
This will take you to a new screen similar to the screen below. Enter the 1) listed species, 2) priority listed species, 3) candidate species, and 4) priority candidate species supported by the grant.
Figure 6: Enter Benefited Species
After this information has been entered, hit “Save” and it will take you back to the Grant Summary page (Figure 5)
For non-traditional grants, all awarded grant information should already be in the database for the Fiscal Year except for SPECIES information. Go back to the Grants main menu (See Figure 2), and click on “Find an existing grant record to edit” to search for each grant in order to enter the species benefiting from each grant. Regions may search by sorting by any of the below categories:
Click on the header of the category to sort. Then click on “view” next to the appropriate grant...
Figure 7: List of all grants
...and then “edit” when it takes you to the next screen.
Figure 8: Grant summary (non-traditional grant)
Regions need to enter the applicable information for species benefiting for each grant awarded: 1) listed species, 2) priority listed species, 3) candidate species, and 4) priority candidate species. After entering the species information, hit “save.” Verify that your information was entered accurately.
See this annotated image on where information on the species profile comes from: PublicSpeciesProfile.png
See the Customizing the Public Species Profile for listed species/populations above for detailed instructions on how to customize a public species profile
Below are definitions on how the following reports are generated.
This report bases it's counts on the following criteria: