The Federal Interagency Committee for the Management of Noxious and Exotic weeds (FICMNEW) represents an unprecedented formal partnership between 18 federal agencies with direct invasive plant management and regulatory responsibilities spanning across the United States and territories. FICMNEW was established through a Memorandum of Understanding signed by agency leadership in 1994 and 1997. It is currently co-chaired by USDA-NIFA (Bob Nowierski) and DOI-BLM (Gina Ramos).
During monthly open meetings, FICMNEW members interact on important national and regional invasive plant issues and share information with various public and private organizations participating with the federal sector to address invasive plant issues.
FICMNEW's charter directs the committee to coordinate, through the respective Secretaries, Assistant Secretaries, and Agency heads, information regarding the identification and extent of invasive plants in the U.S. and to coordinate federal agency management of these species. FICMNEW accomplishes these portions of its charter by developing and sharing scientific and technical information, fostering collaborative efforts among federal agencies, providing recommendations for national and regional level management of invasive plants, and sponsoring technical/educational conferences and workshops concerning invasive plants.
FICMNEW continues to bridge the gap between federal agency invasive plant management and science activities and has been a driving force behind the national emphasis against the broader invasive species threat.
(Presentations can be downloaded here)
Thursday, July 18th
1:30 - 2:30 PM ET
Endogenous chemical isolates research and development for invasive species control and management
Endogenous biocides are a novel innovation in the treatment and management of non-native invasive plant species. This research between the Forest Service (Research & Development, Southern Research Station), Stephen F. Austin State University (Nacogdoches, TX), and Mississippi State University (Starkville, MS) seeks to utilize isolated chemicals produced and already present natively within the target plant species. When applied to infestations in specific concentrations or following chemical refining processes, these biocides can be auto-toxic and lethal to the undesirable species. This approach has already been demonstrated with local-scale, aquatic applications in Giant Salvinia (Salvinia molesta), with no non-target impacts observed. The collaborators on this research seek to identify and develop auto-toxic biocidal compounds for two highly invasive, non-native species in the southern United States: 1) Chinese tallow tree (Triadica sebifera) and 2) cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica & hybrids). Preliminary greenhouse trials of promising chemical isolates (endogenous biocides) applied to Chinese tallow tree seedlings have shown lethality within days. We seek to continue research and development of chemical compounds for the treatment of these and other highly invasive non-native species. We first plan to obtain and compare invasive and native lineages of both plant species in terms of genetic and chemical profiles. Second, we will identify and test isolated compounds in replicated greenhouse trials. Third, we will seek approval for set-up and field-testing of lethal compounds at SRS experimental forests, across states and ecophysiographic regions. Lastly, and perhaps the most challenging and ambitious step, is developing a method for chemical synthesis and scaling-up the process for the treatment and extirpation of large infestations of these invasive plant species, without nontarget impacts, in forested ecosystems on both public and private lands.
Dr. Shiyou Li, Stephen F. Austin University and DR. Rima Lucardi, USFS Southern Research Station
INTERNET CONNECTION AND PHONE
MOU's (memoranda of understanding)