U.S. Department of Agriculture. Economic Research Service.


Economic Research Service (ERS) conducts a research program to inform public and private decisionmaking on economic and policy issues involving food, farming, natural resources, and rural development.

Five major areas of research define the scope of ERS activity. These research areas derive from strategic planning in USDA for its research, economics, and education mission.

Each research area encompasses a body of ERS work -- presented in Briefing Rooms, publications, data, and other products and services -- addressing one of the following strategic goals:

  • A competitive agricultural system
  • A safe food supply
  • A healthy, well-nourished population
  • Harmony between agriculture and the environment
  • An enhanced quality of life for rural Americans

Format and Retrieval

Download from the site. Most data sets are in Excel spreadsheets.


Metadata is available for some data sets.


No costs.

Data Reliability

The Economic Research Service (ERS) provides guidelines to ensure the quality, objectivity, utility, and integrity of the information disseminated by the agency. ERS also has established administrative mechanisms to allow the public to seek and obtain correction of information maintained and disseminated by the agency that does not comply with the Information Quality.

Related Partners

The Forest Service was established in 1905 and is an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The Forest Service manages public lands in national forests and grasslands, which encompass 193 million acres.