Difference in Spatiotemporal Patterns of Wildlife Road-crossings and Wildlife-vehicle Collisions
Human-wildlife conflict presents major challenges for management and conservation of large, highly mobile wildlife in human-dominated areas. This study compares the movement of tagged female moose with spatiotemporal patterns of police recorded moose-vehicle collisions in order to test whether movement and collision data indicate different spatiotemporal risk zones. Peak moose migration is in May, June, and mid November through the start of January. Moose collisions were more likely during autumn and winter. Environmental attributes of moose crossing sites and moose-vehicle collisions sites were examined. It was found that collisions increased in human-modified areas, and higher allowed speed. Forest roads had lower incidents of collision. Creating predictive models needed more than moose migration information collision data, based on the findings taht higher collision risk is largely due to low light and poor road surface conditions.