A Framework for Vulnerability Analysis in Sustainability Science
Addressing changes in the structure and function of the global biosphere starts with key questions:
- who and what are vulnerable to the multiple environmental changes underway, and where?
- How are these changes and their consequences attenuated or amplified by different human and environment conditions?
- What can be done to reduce vulnerability to change?
- How may more resilient and adaptive communities and societies by built?
In addition to exposure to hazards, research suggests that vulnerability resides in the sensitivity and resilience of the system experiencing the hazards. As such, revisions to basic vulnerability assessments need to include the capacity for coupled human-environment systems which is presented in this article. The emergence of sustainability science biulds toward understanding the human-environment condition with two objectives. These objectives are meeting the needs of society, and sustaining the life support systems of the the planet. Various expert communities have made significant progress toward revising the existing frameworks and better account for the coupled human-environment systems with diverse complex linkages.
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Turner II, B. L., Roger E. Kasperson, Pamela A. Matson, James J. McCarthy, Robert W. Corell, Lindsey Christensen, Noelle Eckley, Jeanne X. Kasperson, Amy Luers, Marybeth L. Martello, Colin Polsky, Alexander Pulsipher, and Andrew Schiller. "A framework for vulnerability analysis in sustainability science." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100.14 (2003): 8074-8079