GPS Civilian Economic Value to the U.S. Interim Report

Short Description

GPS Satellite NASAThe Global Positioning System (GPS) is extremely versatile and its capabilities have been incorporated into industries, technologies, and sectors of the economy well beyond the original scope of its overall use. While there have been scattered efforts to value the civilian contribution, this report is a step toward a more complete valuation and analysis of the widespread civilian benefits of GPS. The system faces policy challenges and assessing the economic implications of actions involving the system's interface, spectrum of sharing, reallocation and other components can be used to inform policy changes with valuation data and value estimates. This analysis is the first stage of an effort to establish a more complete estimate as well as disseminate information about hte benefits of GPS and the cost of disruption. The focus for this report is current U.S. economic benefits, and follow-up anslyses are intended to expand assessment of economic benefits including:

  • Consideration of future benefits.
  • Examine non-economic benefits (for example safety of life and the environment, or international benefits).
  • Selectively consider costs of long term signal disruption.

The report provides an overview of 21 of the current applications, markets and benefits of GPS, and continues with a review of available broad studies of economic benefits from GPS. The report covers the scope of analysis of the available studies of civilian economic benefits, summarizes availability of benefit information, and outlines the criteria for benefit estimation and their application. The benefit estimates for aplications is broken down into nine industries, and gives an overall summary of benefit estimates as well.


This report was created with the help of the following:

  • NASA: National Coordination Office for Space-Based Positioning, Navigation and Timing (PNT) in cooperation with its Advisory Board 
  • Department of Commerce
  • an inter-agency Economic Advisory Team

Related Partners

NOAA is a federal agency focused on the condition of the oceans and the atmosphere. It plays several distinct roles within the Department of Commerce.

Suggested Citation

Leveson, I. "GPS Civilian Economic Value to the U.S. Interim Report," National committee for space-based positioning, navigation and timing. Version 3, revised August 31, 2015. www.performance.noaa.gov/wp-content/uploads/2015-08-31-Phase-1-Report-on... (Date accessed February 5, 2017).