A Handful of Heuristics and Some Propositions for Understanding Resilience in Social-Ecological Systems
As a work in progress, this paper articulates current understanding of how complex systems in social-ecological systems change and what influences their ability to absorb disturbances in either social or ecological domains. The comparisons of 15 regional case studies completed in two workshops which generated a set of tentative research questions that form a starting point to test concepts of how change occurs in complex social-ecological systems.
Walker, B. H., L. H. Gunderson, A. P. Kinzig, C. Folke, S. R. Carpenter, and L. Schultz. 2006. A handful of heuristics and some propositions for understanding resilience in social-ecological systems. Ecology and Society 11(1): 13