Negotiation Support Models for Integrated Natural Resource Management in Tropical Forest Margins
Natural resource management is more than decisions focusing on plans, maps, and regulations. It involves the complex reality of negotiating among stakeholders and understanding the perspective of each stakeholder and analyzing complementary beliefs while also identifying where science and social action can bring innovative alternatives and compromises to move ahead. This article explores how the opportunities for adaptive response among dieverse interest groups at various heirarchical levels are included in the assessment of impacts on the livelihoods of rural people in Indonesia. Particularly, the authors examine the agroforests in Indonesia for the paradigm shift for international agricultural research from a focus on germplasm and technology development targeted at increased productivity, to "integrated natural resource management" (INRM) which aims to identify land-use practices that increase production while maintaining natural capital and continuing to provide ecosystem services at a local and global scale. Five main questions are addressed:
- Who are the managers implied in the M of INRM (integrated natural resource management)?
- What is the scale at which the various natural resources can be managed?
- To what degree can the objectives of the farm household and other local, regional, or international stakeholders be met by integrated land-use patterns as alternatives to spatially segregated ways of addressing multiple functions of land?
- How can the various stakeholders overcome the prevailing sense of conflict?
- How can research play a role by providing negotiation support to the various stakeholders in natural resource management?
van Noordwijk, M., T. P. Tomich, and B. Verbist. 2001. Negotiation support models for integrated natural resource management in tropical forest margins. Conservation Ecology 5(2): 21. [online] URL: http://www.consecol.org/vol5/iss2/art21/