Slow Response of Societies to New Problems: Causes and Costs
The costs for solving problems arising from limited sectors within society usually affect society as a whole, and here we discuss delayed effective regulation for these situations. Unique new problems may remain undetected for quite some time. Analyzing the mechanisms used to systematically solve problems and identifying where there are delays in acting to solve the issue. The majority of the time, there needs to be a shift in opinion both by experts and society in order to move forward solving the issues, and the earlier this movement to regulate the problem is made the lower the overall cost to society. This article finds that central decision-making authority helps move regulation along in a cost saving manner, as does a lack of disproportionately strong stakeholders who benefit from deregulation.
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Scheffer, Marten, Frances Westley, and William Brock. "Slow Response of Societies to New Problems: Causes and Costs." Ecosystems 6.5 (2003): 493-502