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In arid countries worldwide, social conflicts between irrigation-based human development and the conservation of aquatic ecosystems are widespread and attract many public debates. This research focuses on the analysis of water and agricultural policies aimed at conserving groundwater resources and maintaining rural livelihoods in a basin in Spain's central arid region.
Concern over changes in global climate caused by growing atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and other trace gases has increased in recent years as our understanding of atmospheric dynamics and global climate systems has improved. Major alterations in regional hydrologic cycles and subsequent changes in regional water availability may be the most important effects of such climatic changes. Unfortunately, these are among the least well-understood impact. Water-balance modeling techniques - modified for assessing climatic impacts - were developed and tested for a major watershed in northern California using climate-change scenarios from both state-of-the-art general circulation models and from a series of hypothetical scenarios.
One approach for identifying ecological aspects is ecosystem services (ES)—that is, the benefits humans receive from nature. To incorporate ecological impacts into drought planning in the Upper Missouri Headwaters (UMH) region (Montana, USA), we combined ES elicitation using the Common International Classification of Ecosystem Services and a vulnerability assessment using semi‐structured interviews.
Watershed assessment and planning has many important aspects of quantifying impairment of ecosystem functions, and this article examines integrating stakeholder values into the process.
Water availability and use are closely connected with energy development and use. Water cannot be delivered to homes, businesses, and industries without energy, and most forms of energy development require large amounts of water.
One of the desired outcomes of dam decommissioning and removal is the recovery of aquatic and riparian ecosystems. To investigate this common objective, we synthesized information from empirical studies and ecological theory into conceptual models that depict key physical and biological links driving ecological responses to removing dams.
An important part of watershed assessment and planning is integrating stakeholder values into the process of quantifying impairment of ecosystem functions. This study explores a systematic evaluation of human and ecosystem indicators within a watershed to classify and prioritize degradation at a subbasin scale within the watershed.
In this seminar, we investigate ways in which mapping of social data can help to address issues stemming from people’s dependence on energy and water resources in the western U.S. First, we explore The Nature Conservancy’s work on mapping human preferences for energy development in Wyoming in relation to other values, participants' homes, and existing development.
This study develops a model for attendance trends at state parks in Oklahoma from 1998 to 2014.
The U.S. Geological Survey Science Data Catalog is a point of discovery for publicly released USGS data collected at many different scales ranging national to local. The information is used to describe and understand the Earth, minimize losses from natural disasters, manage natural resources, and enhance quality of human life.